Advertisement

The Evolution of Legislative Power-Sharing in the EU Multilevel System

  • Katharina HolzingerEmail author
  • Jan Biesenbender
Chapter
Part of the Comparative Territorial Politics book series (COMPTPOL)

Abstract

While governance in multilevel systems involves many processes, legislation at the upper jurisdictional level is at its core. The lower levels of jurisdiction are represented at the upper level through a second legislative chamber. The exact competences of the second versus the first chamber are indicative of the degree of integration of a multilevel system. This chapter explores the evolution of the relationship of the two chambers in the European Union: the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament. The authors develop an empirical approach to evaluate the gradual change of their relative legislative influence. The Consultation, Cooperation and Codecision II procedures are analysed for the period from 1976–2009, covering the most important changes. Parliament has clearly gained influence on legislation through Cooperation and, most prominently, Codecision II. Whereas a unanimous Council could mostly have its will in Consultation, Parliament and Council are on equal footing in Codecision II.

Keywords

European Union EU institutions Legislation Multilevel Power-sharing 

References

  1. Benz, A. (2016). Constitutional Policy in Multilevel Government: The Art of Keeping the Balance. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Benz, A., & Broschek, J. (2013). Federal Dynamics: Introduction. In A. Benz & J. Broschek (Eds.), Federal Dynamics: Continuity, Change and Varieties of Federalism (pp. 1–23). Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Broschek, J. (2012). Historical Institutionalism and the Varieties of Federalism in Germany and Canada. Publius: The Journal of Federalism, 42(4), 662–687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Broschek, J. (2015). Exploring Authority Migration in Multilevel Architectures: A Historical-Institutionalist Framework. Comparative European Politics, 13(6), 656–681.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Duttle, T., Holzinger, K., Malang, T., Schimmelfennig, F., & Winzen, T. (2016). Opting Out from European Union Legislation: The Differentiation of Secondary Law. Journal of European Public Policy, 24(3), 406–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Elazar, D. J. (1987). Exploring Federalism. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.Google Scholar
  7. Falkner, G. (Ed.). (2011). The EU’s Decision Traps: Comparing Policies. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Gerber, E., & Kollman, K. (2004). Introduction—Authority Migration: Defining an Emerging Research Agenda. PS: Political Science and Politics, 37(3), 397–401.Google Scholar
  9. Häge, F. M. (2011). The European Union Policy-Making Dataset. European Union Politics, 12(3), 455–477.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hueglin, T., & Fenna, A. (2015). Comparative Federalism. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.Google Scholar
  11. Holzinger, K., & Knill, C. (2002). Path Dependencies in European Integration: A Constructive Response to Joschka Fischer. Public Administration, 80(2), 125–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Scharpf, F. W. (1988). The Joint-Decision Trap: Lessons from German Federalism and European Integration. Public Administration, 66(3), 239–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Schimmelfennig, F., & Winzen, T. (2014). Instrumental and Constitutional Differentiation in the European Union. Journal of Common Market Studies, 52(2), 354–370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Selck, T. J., & Steunenberg, B. (2004). Between Power and Luck: The European Parliament in the EU Legislative Process. European Union Politics, 5(1), 25–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Thomson, R., Stokman, F. N., Achen, C. H., & König, T. (Eds.). (2006). The European Union Decides. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  16. Tsebelis, G. (1994). The Power of the European Parliament as a Conditional Agenda Setter. American Political Science Review, 88(1), 128–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Tsebelis, G., & Garrett, G. (2000). Legislative Politics in the European Union. European Union Politics, 1(1), 9–36.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Tsebelis, G., Jensen, C. B., Kalandrakis, A., & Kreppel, A. (2001). Legislative Procedures in the European Union: An Empirical Analysis. British Journal of Political Science, 31(4), 573–599.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vogel, T., Kovats, L., & Goetz, K. H. (2010). Law Leecher: A Software for Data Extraction from PreLex. Potsdam: University of Potsdam. Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Politics and Public AdministrationUniversity of KonstanzKonstanzGermany
  2. 2.Leibniz-GemeinschaftBerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations