Willingness to Communicate (WTC)

  • Nourollah ZarrinabadiEmail author
  • Saeed Ketabi
  • Mansoor Tavakoli
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)


Willingness to Communicate (WTC) is one of the highly studied ID variables in language learning and teaching in the past three decades. In this chapter, the origin of WTC is discussed and its introduction to L2 research literature is briefly reviewed. Moreover, empirical studies conducted over the globe are summarized.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nourollah Zarrinabadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saeed Ketabi
    • 1
  • Mansoor Tavakoli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EnglishUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.University of IsfahanIsfahanIran

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