Directed Motivational Currents (DMC) in L2

  • Nourollah ZarrinabadiEmail author
  • Saeed Ketabi
  • Mansoor Tavakoli
Part of the Second Language Learning and Teaching book series (SLLT)


This chapter presets the theoretical underpinnings on L2 motivation and Directed Motivational Currents (DMCs). First, a brief overview of research on L2 motivation is presented. Then, the DMC construct, its core characteristics, and the theories related to it are explained in detail.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nourollah Zarrinabadi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Saeed Ketabi
    • 1
  • Mansoor Tavakoli
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EnglishUniversity of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.University of IsfahanIsfahanIran

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