Climate Change Adaptation Projects: Global and Developing Countries’ Context

  • Mohsen M. Aboulnaga
  • Amr F. Elwan
  • Mohamed R. Elsharouny


Climate change adaptation through projects globally is essential, particularly in developing countries since these countries are most vulnerable. This chapter examines climate change adaptation (CCA) projects by comparing nine projects in one of the developing countries – Egypt – and global case studies in other developing countries to identify the gaps and track success stories and failures to achieve adaptive learning. In the comparative analysis, nine adaptation projects in Egypt were selected and emphasized on six sectors: energy, urban areas, and awareness raising as well as waste management, ecosystem and agriculture. These sectors were compared to similar projects that were implemented as part of the climate action plans. These projects represent Morocco, Mexico, Brazil, Kiribati, India, the Philippines, Solomon Islands, Central African Republic and Mauritius. The chapter starts with an introduction about climate change adaptation projects and clarifies the scope of study and then discusses and validates the evaluation criteria that depends on seven main features, relevance, effectiveness, sustainability, equity, efficiency, flexibility and stakeholders’ participation, and converts them from qualitative to quantitative in order to be measured. The evaluation of the CCA projects includes an overview about each project and identifies the project’s description, scope, timeline, aim, challenge and outcome which are required for such evaluation. The results of the comparison were analysed, and the gaps were identified. Finally, the book recommends solutions for overcoming the adaptation action plan short comes.


Climate change adaptation projects Energy Urban areas Waste management Ecosystem  Awareness raising Developing countries 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohsen M. Aboulnaga
    • 1
  • Amr F. Elwan
    • 2
  • Mohamed R. Elsharouny
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Architecture, Faculty of EngineeringCairo UniversityGizaEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringMilitary Technical CollegeCairoEgypt
  3. 3.Architect & Out-sourced Project CoordinatorAfrican Export Import Bank (Afreximbank)CairoEgypt

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