Static and Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Eco-friendly Polymer Composites

  • Bernardo ZuccarelloEmail author


Recently, eco-friendly polymer composites (biocomposites) have been increasingly applied in various fields of industrial production, e.g., automotive, civil constructions, nautical etc. Consequently, many research articles have been published in various high quality technical and scientific journals to contribute to the development of new materials characterized by low environmental impact along with low-cost, low-weight, and sufficient mechanical properties. Regarding the performance of the polymer composites that are reinforced by synthetic fibres, such composites have various limitations, primarily owing to the relatively low stiffness and strength of the natural fibres along with the limited fibre-matrix adhesion. Considering these limitations, several studies have been conducted to improve the mechanical properties of the natural fibres and of the fibre-matrix adhesion, as well as for the development of new manufacturing techniques that allow for the production of composites laminates with a higher mechanical performance than that of the typical short fibre biocomposites that are already used for non-structural applications, especially in the automotive field. These recent studies focus on the accurate analysis of the static and dynamic mechanical properties of such innovative materials, as well as the implementation of reliable theoretical models that can be applied in the design stage to predict their performance, by varying primary characteristic parameters such as fibre volume fraction, manufacturing technique, fibre orientation, and lamina lay-up. In this chapter, the mechanical properties, fibre-matrix adhesion, as well the more accurate micromechanical models proposed in literature, are reviewed and critically discussed to provide the reader with sufficient knowledge on the static and dynamic mechanical properties of biocomposites, and consequently, on their potential capacity to replace traditional materials such as metal and fiberglass.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Viale delle ScienzePalermoItaly

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