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Chemical Modification of Lignin and Its Environmental Application

  • Zhili LiEmail author
  • Yuanyuan GeEmail author
  • Jiubing Zhang
  • Duo Xiao
  • Zijun Wu
Chapter

Abstract

Environmental application of lignin in the cleanup of wastewater has gained considerable attention in recent years due to the existence of phenyl, carboxyl and hydroxyl groups in lignin’s macromolecules, which accounts for many possible adsorption interactions between lignin and various pollutants. The design and development of modified lignin-based materials as cost-effective polymeric adsorbents is a hot topic in adsorption science. This article highlights the literature during the past decade in the use of modified lignin-based materials for dye, heavy metal, and some other pollutants removal from the aqueous phase. Lists of modified lignin-based adsorbents with their adsorption capacity/removal efficiency of various pollutants and the operating conditions have been collected and discussed. The interaction mechanism involved between the modified lignin and the pollutants in water has also been elucidated by interpreting the adsorption isothermal and kinetic models.

Keywords

Modified lignin Adsorption Dye Heavy metal Pollutant Wastewater 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 21264002, 21464002), and Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (No. 2015GXNSFBA139215, 2016GXNSFAA380329) is gratefully acknowledged.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringGuangxi UniversityNanningChina

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