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Spectroscopy and Microscopy of Eco-friendly Polymer Composites

  • Ashish K. Shukla
  • Chandni Sharma
  • Syed M. S. Abidi
  • Amitabha AcharyaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Eco-friendly polymer nanocomposites (NCs) are constantly gaining attention for sustainable development considering the growing awareness of environment and eco-friendly waste management issues. Particles at nano-scale, such as nanospheres and nanorods, which are dispersed in a host polymeric medium, have generated intense research interest in the development of polymer NCs because these have shown to significantly enhance the mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of the polymers. Due to these growing interests in NCs, proper molecular characterization of these materials is absolutely essential for better understanding of their properties and also for the development of new materials. This chapter is projected to demonstrate different techniques of isolation and characterization to find out the chemical and topographical information of eco-friendly polymers and their nanocomposites.

Keywords

Nanocomposites Polysaccharide Polypeptide Spectroscopy Microscopy 

List of Abbreviations

AFM

Atomic force microscopy

AT

Nano-Attapulgite

BC

Bacterial cellulose

CASN

Citric acid modified starch nanoparticle

CD

Circular dichroism

CdS QD

Cadium sulfide quantum dot

CHNS

Carbon-hydrogen-nitrogen-sulfur

CNCs

Cellulose nanocrystals

CNS

Cellulose Nanosphere

CPC

Cetylpyridinium chloride

CT/CG

Chitin/cashew gum

DLS

Dynamic light scattering

DMC

Dry-milled corn

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetery

DTPA

Diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid

EDS

Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

EFPNC

Eco-friendly polymer nanocompositess

FCNTs

Functionalized Carbon nanotube

FESEM

Field emission scanning electron microscope

FTIR

Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy

GA

Gum arabic

GO

Graphene oxide

HA

Hyaluronan

HRTEM

High resolution transmission electron microscope

ICP-MS

Inductive coupled plasma mass spectroscopy

kDa

Kilodalton

LOX

Lipoxygenase

MCC

Microcrystalline cellulose

MPa

Megapascal

MPTMS

3-(trimethoxysilyl)-propyl methacrylate

NDs

Nanodiamonds

NF

Nanofibrils

NMR

Nuclear magnetic resonance

NPs

Nanoparticles

PBAT

Poly(butylene adipate-co-terephthalate)

PCL

Poly-caprolactone

PDDF

Pair distance distribution function

PGA

Poly-glycolite

PHA

Polyhydroxyalkanoate

PHBV

(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyvalerate)

PLA

Polylactic acid

PLGA

Poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)

PVA

Polyvinyl alcohol

RChi

Regenerated chitin

SAXS

Small angle X-ray scattering

SCC

Spherical cellulose container

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

SLRP

Sequential liquid-lignin recovery and purification

SPI/CNTs

Soy protein isolate-carbon nanotube

SPI–MMT

Soy protein isolate–montmorillonite

SPIONs

Superparamagnetic iron oxide

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

Tg

Glass-rubber transition

TGA

Thermogravimetric analysis

TG-MS

Thermogravimetric-Mass Spectroscopy

Tm

Melting point

UP

Unsaturated polyester

UV-Vis

Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy

XRD

X-ray diffraction

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Director, CSIR-IHBT for his constant support and encouragement. AA acknowledges financial assistance in the form of project grant MLP-0201 from CSIR and GAP-0214 (EMR/2016/003027) from DST, Government of India. AKS, CS, SMSA acknowledge Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR) and CSIR-GATE and DBT for their respective JRF fellowship. AKS, CS and SMSA have contributed equally to this book chapter. The CSIR-IHBT communication number of this manuscript is 4254.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ashish K. Shukla
    • 1
    • 2
  • Chandni Sharma
    • 1
    • 2
  • Syed M. S. Abidi
    • 1
    • 2
  • Amitabha Acharya
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Biotechnology DivisionCSIR-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource TechnologyPalampurIndia
  2. 2.Academy of Scientific & Innovative Research (AcSIR)CSIR- Institute of Himalayan Bioresource TechnologyPalampurIndia

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