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Synthesis, Characterization and Application of Bio-based Polyurethane Nanocomposites

  • Sonalee DasEmail author
  • Sudheer Kumar
  • Smita Mohanty
  • Sanjay Kumar Nayak
Chapter

Abstract

Polyurethane (PUs) is gaining immense interest as a speciality polymer for various high-end applications. Vegetable oil has gained momentous attention as a valuable renewable precursor and a potential alternative to the current petro-based polyol for the synthesis of PUs. The concept of reinforcing nanofiller into vegetable oil-based PU matrix has gained huge research interest for the development of bio-based PU nanocomposites with tailor-made properties. The addition of nanofiller into bio-based PU nanocomposites has led to the improvement of thermal, mechanical, optical and physicochemical properties. This chapter will deal with the detailed insight regarding the synthesis, characterization of bio-based PUs nanocomposites from various vegetable oil incorporated with different nanofillers.

Keywords

Polyurethane Vegetable oil Nanocomposite Nanofiller 

List of Abbreviations

PUs

Polyurethane

MMT

Montmorillonite

VOs

Vegetable oils

MDI

Methylene diisocyanate

TDI

Toluene diisocyanate

HDI

Hexamethylene diisocyanate

IPDI

Isophorone diisocyanate

JCO

Jatropha curcas oil

CO

Castor oil

PU/NS

Polyurethane/silica nanocomposites

NS

Nano silica

TGA

Thermogravimetric analysis

DTG

Derivative thermo-gravimetric

DSC

Differential scanning calorimetry

SEM

Scanning electron microscopy

TEM

Transmission electron microscopy

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

Ea

Activation energy

Tm

Melting temperature

Tg

Glass transition temperature

E′

Storage modulus

E″

Loss modulus

MBPU

Modified bio-based polyurethane

MCO

Modified castor oil

HBPUS

Hyper branched polyurethane

GO

Graphene oxide

RGO

Reduced graphene oxide

f-RGO

Phytoextract-RGO

MWCNTs

Multiwall carbon nanotubes

XRD

X-ray diffraction

BET

Brunauer–Emmett–Teller theory

IPN

Interpenetrating polymer network

EP

Epoxy

PU/EP

Polyurethane/epoxy

DMA

Dynamic mechanical analysis

APTES

Aminopropyltriethoxy silane

WPU

Waterborne polyurethane

SMT

Silylated sodium montmorillonite

SHT

Silylated halloysite nanotubes

POBUA

Palm oil and methylene diisocyanate based polyurethane acrylate

EPOLA

Epoxidized palm oil acrylate

PCL

Poly(e-caprolactone) diol

UPCEA

Poly-(urethane-esteramide)

TiO2

Titanium dioxide

EDX

Energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy

WAXD

Wide-angle X-ray scattering

ECNC

E. Globulus derived cellulose nanocrystals

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sonalee Das
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sudheer Kumar
    • 1
  • Smita Mohanty
    • 1
  • Sanjay Kumar Nayak
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory for Advanced Research in Polymeric MaterialsCentral Institute of Plastics Engineering and TechnologyBhubaneswarIndia

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