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Nanocellulose in the Paper Making

  • Elaine Cristina Lengowski
  • Eraldo Antonio Bonfatti Júnior
  • Marina Mieko Nishidate Kumode
  • Mayara Elita Carneiro
  • Kestur Gundappa SatyanarayanaEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

In recent times, nanotechnology, which has been one of the main novelties to be developed in the 21st century, has been applied to many sectors, particularly to various industrial sectors including forest-based industry. An output of this is the development of nanomaterials of which nanocelluloses have been studied as high technology biopolymers for application in various materials through the development of films and as reinforcement in papers. With this background, the main objective of this Chapter is to present the use of nanocellulose in the paper making. Accordingly, the Chapter presents characteristics of the most used wood in the world for pulp and paper production, main methods of obtaining cellulose in nature, process of bleaching of pulp, paper making, processes to obtain different types of nanocellulose (microfibrillar nanofiber and cellulose nanocrystals), applications of nanocellulose in the paper making through coating and films as well as by nanocellulose-reinforced pulp and the resulting effects of the use of nanocellulose in paper production. These include increased tensile and burst strengths, weight loss, improved barrier properties for oils, oxygen and moisture, better printing surface, etc. In the end, marketing aspects, possible future opportunities and finally concluding remarks are given. These briefly mention the use of nanocelluloses in papermaking presenting interesting possibilities, which offer improvements in cost-benefit, energy efficiency and biocompatibility, in addition to generating new products with uses are not available today.

Keywords

Forest products Wood Pulp Bleaching Nanotechnology 

Notes

Acknowledgements

At the outset, the authors express their sincere thanks to the Editors of the book (Inamuddin, Sabu Thomas, Raguvendra Mishra and Abdullah M. Asiri), particularly Prof. Inamuddin for inviting us to contribute this Chapter. The authors place on record and appreciate the kind permission given by some of the authors (who have given permission to use their figures), M/s. Elsevier Inc Publishers, Springer, Sociedade Brasileira de Química—SBQ, Brazil, www.plantphysiol.org or www.plantcell.org—“Copyright American Society of Plant Biologists.” InTech Open Publishers, IOP Publishing and the Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology (VAST) to reproduce some of the figures from their publications free of charges. One of the authors (KGS) would like to thank the PPISR, Bangalore-India with whom he is associated with presently for their encouragement and interest in this collaboration.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elaine Cristina Lengowski
    • 1
  • Eraldo Antonio Bonfatti Júnior
    • 2
  • Marina Mieko Nishidate Kumode
    • 3
  • Mayara Elita Carneiro
    • 2
  • Kestur Gundappa Satyanarayana
    • 4
    • 5
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Forestry EngineeringFederal University of Mato Grosso (UFMT)CuiabáBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Forest Engineering and Technology (DETF)Federal University of Paraná (UFPR)CuritibaBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratory of WoodPontifical Catholic UniversityCuritibaBrazil
  4. 4.PIPE & Department of ChemistryFederal University of ParanaCuritibaBrazil
  5. 5.Poornaprajna Scientific Research Institute (PPISR)Devanahalli, BangaloreIndia

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