Recyclable and Eco-friendly Single Polymer Composite

  • Mohd Azmuddin AbdullahEmail author
  • Muhammad Afzaal
  • Safdar Ali Mirza
  • Sakinatu Almustapha
  • Hanaa Ali Hussein


Greater awareness towards the environmental issues such as global warming, emission of toxic pollutants and contaminants in the sea, air and on land, destruction of biodiversity and the needs to meet the sustainable development goals, has stimulated interest in the development of recyclable and eco-friendly single polymer composites. These are composite materials with mechanical properties comparable to the heterogeneous composites, fully recyclable and therefore providing economic and environmental advantages. An increasing trend is the use of natural fiber reinforced composites as low-cost composites with low density and high specific properties, non-abrasive and biodegradable. The major challenge in the fabrication of single polymer composites is the small melting temperature difference between the fiber and the matrix, and in the case of natural fibers, the incompatibility of the fibers with the matrix, and the poor resistance to moisture. This review article gives an overview of the developments in single polymer composites relating to the polymer sciences, materials selection, fabrication methods and the different types of recyclable and eco-friendly single polymer composites.


Eco-friendly Waste recycling Single polymer composite Synthetic polymer Natural fibers Gel spinning Electrospinning Melt processing Ring-opening polymerization 


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohd Azmuddin Abdullah
    • 1
    Email author
  • Muhammad Afzaal
    • 2
  • Safdar Ali Mirza
    • 3
  • Sakinatu Almustapha
    • 4
  • Hanaa Ali Hussein
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Marine Biotechnology, Universiti Malaysia TerengganuKuala NerusMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Sustainable Development Study Center (Environmental Sciences)GC UniversityLahorePakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyGC UniversityLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Department of Basic and Applied SciencesHassan Usman Katsina PolytechnicKatsina StateNigeria

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