Polymers and Polymer Composites for Adsorptive Removal of Dyes in Water Treatment

  • Weiya Huang
  • Shuhong Wang
  • Dan LiEmail author


The discharge of wastewater containing dyes causes severe problems worldwide, which must be properly treated before entering the environment. Adsorption is believed to be one of the favourable techniques to remove dyes because of its environmental and economic sustainability. This chapter reviewed the recent development of polymers and polymer composites reported as adsorbents for treating dye-contaminated wastewater, including surface modification/functionalization of polymers, polyaniline and its composites, magnetic polymer composites, polymer/clay composites and polymer/by-products or waste composites. The adsorption performance of adsorbents was discussed in correlation with a number of factors, such as the properties of dyes, surface chemistry or structures of adsorbents, as well as operation conditions, e.g. initial dye concentration, solution pH, temperature, and the presence of other salts, etc. In addition, the regeneration and reusability of developed adsorbents were covered.


Polymer Composite Adsorption Dye Wastewater 

List of Abbreviations

AB 25

Acid blue 25


Acid fuchsin


Amido black 10B


Almond shell waste



BY 28

Basic yellow 28


Basic fuchsin

BV 14

Basic violet 14


Coal fly ash


Carbon nanotube


Carboxymethyl cellulose


Magnetic chitosan-decorated carbon nanotube


Congo red


Crystal violet


Carboxymethyl cellulose grafted by poly(2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) modified bentonite


Direct blue 199


Emeraldine salt


Emeraldine base


Eosin Y


Gentian violet


Humic acid-immobilized amine modified polyacrylamide/bentonite composite


Hydrothermally reduced graphene oxide/poly (vinyl alcohol)


Hyperbranched polyethyleneimine functionalized cellulose


Indigo carmine


Magnetic nanoparticles


Mesoporous silica


Methylene blue


Methylene green


Methyl orange


Neutral red




Oil red O




Poly(1-vinyl imidazole)


Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium


Poly(4-styrenesulfonic acid-co-maleic acid) sodium modified magnetic reduced graphene oxide nanocomposite












Polyaniline-coated filter papers


Polyaniline functionalized magnetic mesoporous silica composite






Poly(γ-glutamic acid)


Poly (vinyl alcohol)




PVI polymer functionalized reduced graphene oxide


Reactive black 5


Reactive red 228


Rhodamine B


Rose Bengal






Terpolymer of aniline/m-aminobenzoic acid/m-phenylenediamine


Thiacalix[4]arene tetrasulfonate




20% of CMC in the total amount of CMC + Bent composite


Reactive red 2


4,4′-diphenylmethane diisocyanate





The authors gratefully acknowledge funding from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No.21607064, No.21263005 and No.21567008), and Qingjiang youth Talent program of Jiangxi University of Science and Technology (No. JXUSTQJYX20170005).


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Metallurgy and Chemical EngineeringJiangxi University of Science and TechnologyGanzhouChina
  2. 2.School of Engineering and Information TechnologyMurdoch UniversityMurdochAustralia

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