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Processing and Industrial Applications of Sustainable Nanocomposites Containing Nanofillers

  • Khadija Zadeh
  • Sadiya Waseem
  • Kishor Kumar SadasivuniEmail author
  • Kalim Deshmukh
  • Aqib Muzaffar
  • M. Basheer Ahamed
  • Mariam Al-Ali AlMaadeed
Chapter

Abstract

The performance properties of sustainable polymer matrix can be significantly improved by the incorporation of nanofillers (NFs) having a high aspect ratio and high active surface area. This chapter comprehensively emphasizes the processing of sustainable polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) containing NFs for potential industrial applications. Different fabrication techniques of sustainable PNCs such as intercalation method, sol-gel and direct dispersion method have been discussed briefly. The impact of these processing techniques on the properties of PNCs and their wide range of industrial applications like mechanical, electronic and biological are highlighted in this chapter. Furthermore, an overview is given on different types of NFs used for the preparation of sustainable PNCs for industrial application.

Keywords

Nanofillers Sustainable polymer nanocomposites Processing techniques Industrial applications 

List of Abbreviations

3D

Three dimensional

Ag NWs

Silver nanowires

BNCs

Bionanocomposites

BOEA

Battery operated portable handheld electrospinning apparatus

CS

Chitosan

CaCO3

Calcium carbonate

CNTs

Carbon nanotubes

ESO

Epoxidized soybean oil

FTIR

Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy

HNTs

Halloysite nanotubes

GO

Graphene oxide

GNFs

Graphite nanoflakes

GNPs

Graphene nanoplatelets

GBR

Guide bone regeneration

GTR

Guide tissue regeneration

HA

Hyalumeric acid

LBL

Layer By layer

MWCNTs

Multiwalled carbon nanotubes

NPs

Nanoparticles

NFs

Nanofillers

NF

Nanofiller

NMs

Nanomaterials

NCs

Nanocomposites

PNCs

Polymer nanocomposites

PVA

Polyvinylalcohol

PEG

Polyethylene glycol

PANI

Polyaniline

PCO

Poly (cyclooctene)

P3HT

Poly (3-hexylthiophene)

PLA

Poly (lactic acid)

POMA

Poly (O-methoxyaniline)

PCL

Poly (caprolactone)

PTAA

Poly (3-thiophene acetic acid)

PLGA

Poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid)

SWCNTs

Single-walled carbon nanotubes

SiO2

Silicon dioxide

SMPs

Shape memory polymers

TiO2

Titanium dioxide

WVP

Water vapour permeability

ZnO

Zinc oxide

Zn

Zinc

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Khadija Zadeh
    • 1
  • Sadiya Waseem
    • 2
  • Kishor Kumar Sadasivuni
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kalim Deshmukh
    • 3
  • Aqib Muzaffar
    • 3
  • M. Basheer Ahamed
    • 3
  • Mariam Al-Ali AlMaadeed
    • 4
  1. 1.Center for Advanced Materials, Qatar UniversityDohaQatar
  2. 2.Advanced Carbon Products, CSIR-NPLNew DelhiIndia
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsB.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  4. 4.Materials Science and Technology ProgramQatar UniversityDohaQatar

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