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Application of Sustainable Nanocomposites for Water Purification Process

  • Hayelom Dargo BeyeneEmail author
  • Tekilt Gebregiorgs Ambaye
Chapter

Abstract

Nowadays, the rapid growth of industrialization, urbanization, population growth, and climate change have played a role in pollution of water resources. Lack of fresh and pure water is reflected as the main risk to many countries. In recent years, water purification methods are the focus and attention of the many scientist and governmental agencies. Scholars everywhere around the world are concentrating on nanotechnology centred water purification/treatment methods for efficient and effective sanitization of water bodies. Nanoscale composite materials have a huge potential to purify water in numerous ways, due to their high surface area, high chemical reactivity, excellent mechanical strength, and cost-effectiveness. Nanocomposites are intelligent to eliminate bacteria, viruses, and inorganic and organic pollutants from wastewater due to precise binding action (chelation, absorption, ion exchange). Nanocomposite materials are contributed an active role in water purification, such as metal nanocomposite, metal oxide nanocomposite, carbon nanocomposite, polymer nanocomposite and membranes nanocomposite.

Keywords

Nanocomposites Contaminates Wastewater Water purification 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hayelom Dargo Beyene
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tekilt Gebregiorgs Ambaye
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ChemistryAdigrat UniversityAdigratEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryMekelle UniversityMekelleEthiopia

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