Solar energy is virtually inexhaustible and potentially available to be used everywhere. However, Solar Radiation Concentrating Systems exclusively depend on direct solar radiation. As a consequence, to plan and design them effectively, we need proper calculation and computation tools that allow us to estimate the amount of direct solar radiation falling on System’s collectors. For this reason, it would be beneficial to study the nature of solar radiation, as well as the geometrical parameters affecting its amount on the edge of Earth’s atmosphere. In addition, radiation–matter interaction’s processes further modify solar radiation reaching Earth’s surface. These phenomena must be taken into consideration when choosing or developing the most appropriate direct solar radiation model. Moreover, Sun’s position in the sky and collectors’ set-up are another two important factors. All these issues affect the design, the development and the efficiency of Solar Radiation Concentrating Systems and are dealt within this chapter.
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