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Exercise in Interstitial Lung Diseases

  • Baruch Vainshelboim
Chapter

Abstract

Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) represent a group of diverse chronic lung conditions characterized by scaring, inflammation, and restrictive pathophysiology. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common form of ILDs and is associated with severe signs and symptoms, exercise intolerance, impaired quality of life, and poor prognosis. Exercise training has been shown to be a safe and effective treatment in a variety of ILDs including IPF. Exercise training improves exercise tolerance, functional capacity, dyspnea, and quality of life both in patients with ILDs and IPF. Higher exercise capacity and physical activity levels have been demonstrated to be associated with better survival and enhanced quality of life. The optimal training modalities and the underlining mechanisms with respect to outcome improvements are yet to be well characterized and require further investigation. The existing evidence supports the clinical benefits of exercise in patients with ILDs and thus provides good justification to recommend exercise training as part of standard care for ILDs.

Keywords

Interstitial lung disease Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Exercise Training Physical activity 

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Baruch Vainshelboim
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Master of Cancer Care Program, School of Health SciencesSaint Francis UniversityLorettoUSA
  2. 2.Pulmonary Institute, Rabin Medical CenterBeilinson HospitalPetach TikvaIsrael
  3. 3.Faculty of Sport, Research Center in Physical Activity, Health and Leisure (CIAFEL)University of PortoPortoPortugal

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