Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas: A Critical Assessment of the Structural and Non-structural Flood Protection Measures in Dhaka

  • Md Asif RahmanEmail author
  • Sadya Islam
Part of the The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science book series (APESS, volume 28)


Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is susceptible to floods because of its topography, large population, and inadequate infrastructure. Almost half of Dhaka’s population live in the low-lying and flood-prone areas, and the local communities suffer from economic stress due to flooding as well as having an absence of flood protection measures in these areas. The economic damages caused by flooding have a severe impact on national economic development and growth. Unplanned urbanization intensifies damage from flood incidents, including caused by the migration into Dhaka from rural areas as people move to the city in search of jobs and to recover from the impacts of natural disasters like cyclones, droughts, and river erosion in rural areas. This chapter outlines Dhaka’s current situation with regards to flood exposure and risks from climate change as well as summarising key measures to reduce flood risk in recent years.


Urban Climate Protection Dhaka Flooding Exposure Risk 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geographical and Sustainability SciencesUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.School of Urban and Regional PlanningUniversity of IowaIowa CityUSA

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