A Half-Full Transmit-Diversity Spatial Modulation Scheme

  • Sakher AbuTayeh
  • Mohammad Alsalahat
  • Ibrahim Kaddumi
  • Yahya Alqannas
  • Saud AlthunibatEmail author
  • Raed Mesleh
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes of the Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering book series (LNICST, volume 263)


One of the main limitations in Spatial Modulation (SM) systems is the lack of transmit diversity, which directly impacts its error rate performance. The lack of the transmit diversity refers to activating only a single transmit antenna in SM systems. In this paper, we propose a novel scheme that aims at improving the performance of SM systems by achieving half-full transmit diversity. The proposed scheme, called Half-Full Transmit-Diversity SM (HFTD-SM), divides the transmit antennas into two-antenna groups. From each group, only a single antenna is activated, and all active transmit antennas emits one modulated symbol. The proposed HFTD-SM scheme is shown to outperform the conventional SM performance in terms of spectral efficiency, error rate, and design flexibility, while maintaining the main property of SM representing by the need of only a single RF chain. Simulation results corroborate the superior performance of the proposed scheme as compared to other SM variants in the literature.


MIMO Space modulation Spatial modulation Transmit diversity 


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Copyright information

© ICST Institute for Computer Sciences, Social Informatics and Telecommunications Engineering 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sakher AbuTayeh
    • 1
  • Mohammad Alsalahat
    • 1
  • Ibrahim Kaddumi
    • 1
  • Yahya Alqannas
    • 1
  • Saud Althunibat
    • 1
    Email author
  • Raed Mesleh
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Communications EngineeringAl-Hussein Bin Talal UniversityMaanJordan
  2. 2.School of Electrical Engineering and Information TechnologyGerman Jordanian UniversityAmmanJordan

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