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The Security Syntheses and the Transformation of the Other into a Deadly Existential Threat

  • Shinasi A. Rama
Chapter

Abstract

In this chapter, I show how in the prolonged process of the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Kosova became the battleground and the coveted land for security syntheses of both the Albanians and the Serbs. The crucial event is the emergence of Serbia as an autonomous entity and its gradual transformation in a state. Subsequently, with the strengthening of the Serb state after the Eastern Crisis of 1875–1878 the Albanians rapidly focused on Serbia, the new nation-state, as the existential threat to them. By the same token, the Serb state security synthesis focused on the Albanians as their existential threat. The Balkan Wars of 1912–1913 and the horrendous experiences of the Albanians during that year and afterward radically and definitively transformed Serbia as the deadly existential threat in the security synthesis of the Albanians in Kosova. From that time on, the Serbs and the Albanians have been engaged in an uncompromising struggle over Kosova. These are the times when the national consciousness is consolidated and both start acting as compact entities. The Serb-Albanian conflict culminated with the war of 1998–1999. It was a process, gradual and convulsive, but inexorable. By the beginning of the conflict in 1999, the Albanians and the Serbs were deadly existential enemies of one another, nations with consolidated security synthesis, with incompatible identities, and with highly cohesive national consciousness. The chapter covers the period of the Serb-Albanian relations to 1990. This is the time when we discover them transform from irrelevance to a deadly existential threat in a highly evolved security synthesis. Without a proper understanding of the transformation of the two existential entities into a deadly existential threat in the respective security synthesis, and of their understanding of the national consciousness, it is not possible to make proper sense of the subsequent events including the inglorious failure of the international administration after 1999.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shinasi A. Rama
    • 1
  1. 1.International Relations ProgramNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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