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Odorant-Binding Proteins in Taste System: Putative Roles in Taste Sensation and Behavior

  • Mamiko OzakiEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Animals recognize chemical environment via specific olfactory and taste sensory systems. At the most peripheral stage of the chemical environment recognition, lipophilic chemicals coming into the receptor organs as olfactory and/or taste stimulants need to interact with carrier proteins in the hydrophilic receptor ringer lymph surrounding receptor membranes of sensory neurons. They can otherwise neither reach the receptor membranes nor bind the receptor proteins. Odorant-binding proteins (OBPs) or OBP-related proteins have been reported in the taste receptor organs of various insect species. The insect taste receptor organs are sensory units called taste sensilla, which possess a set of gustatory receptor neurons (GRNs) responsible for fundamental tastes like sweetness, bitterness, etc., and a few types of auxiliary cells. It has been reported that the OBPs are required mainly for bitter taste sensation or contact chemical detection of noxious compounds. Probably, the peri-receptor system involving OBPs in the taste sensilla have developed with the ecological background of plant-herbivore interactions. Plants synthesize noxious or toxic compounds against being eaten by herbivores, and herbivores avoid them via bitter taste detection against being poisoned by plants. Considering behavioral effects of bitter or noxious taste sensation in insects, here we digest about OBPs in the taste systems with their putative roles influencing feeding, courtship or oviposition, etc.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biology, Graduate School of ScienceKobe UniversityKobeJapan

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