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Diversity of Biotransformation Enzymes in Insect Antennae: Possible Roles in Odorant Inactivation and Xenobiotic Processing

  • Claudia Steiner
  • Thomas Chertemps
  • Martine MaïbècheEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The mechanisms that could interfere with ligand/receptor interaction or with ligand properties within the insect olfactory organ are intensely studied. These perireceptor events involve various proteins present in the environment of receptors that could contribute to the signal detection, before or after ligand binding. The step of signal termination that sustains the kinetics of the olfactory system is still poorly documented. One hypothesis proposes that biotransformation enzymes called Odorant-Degrading Enzymes (ODEs) could be involved in the rapid degradation of odorant chemicals into inactive compounds (i.e. which cannot elicit receptor response anymore) and could thus play an important role in signal inactivation. ODEs could also play a complex role in odorant clearance. Extracellular ODEs may indeed participate in the catabolism of odorant molecules in excess within the sensillar lymph to avoid an overstimulation of the olfactory receptors and therefore play a role in olfactory sensitivity and dynamics, whereas intracellular ODEs could produce various odorant-derived metabolites that will be excreted outside the sensilla. However, despite their high diversity, as revealed by recent transcriptomic analyses in various species, only very few antennal biotransformation enzymes have been yet functionally characterized as ODEs.

We will present the diversity of these enzymes in insect olfactory organs and discuss their potential role in odorant processing. Their possible involvement in detoxification processes within the olfactory organ will be also discussed, as well as their potential as targets to develop specific inhibitors that could interfere with pest insect ability to respond to olfactory cues.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Steiner
    • 1
  • Thomas Chertemps
    • 2
  • Martine Maïbèche
    • 2
    Email author
  1. 1.Institut d’Ecologie et des Sciences de l’Environnement de ParisSorbonne Université, UPEC, Univ. P7, INRA, CNRS, IRDParisFrance
  2. 2.UMR 7618 iEES-Paris, Sorbonne Université, CNRS, INRA, IRDParisFrance

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