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Bioelectrocatalytic Assessment of the Activating Effect and Toxic Interaction Between Carbon Nanomaterials and Microbial Cells

  • A. N. Reshetilov
  • S. E. Tarasov
  • Yu V. Plekhanova
Chapter

Abstract

Carbon and other types of nanomaterials have found broad application in various fields of human activities. However, their impact on living organisms, including microorganisms, still needs to be understood more profoundly. Some nanomaterials cause activating effects, others are characterized by toxicity. The action of nanomaterials on microorganisms is assessed by bringing them into mutual contact by chemical immobilization, sorption or other techniques and registering the caused effect. Changes of the bioelectrocatalytic characteristics—the main parameters of the electrodes (anodes or working cathodes) in such devices as biosensors or microbial fuel cells (MFC)—are widely used for assessment. These characteristics are studied by cyclic voltammetry, chronoamperometry and potentiometry as well as impedance spectroscopy. In this chapter, we briefly describe the effects of mainly carbon nanomaterials on microorganisms. Emphasis is made on presenting data obtained for Gluconobacter , which is used as the basis of biosensors and MFC and can be considered as model biomaterial.

Keywords

Carbon nanomaterials Modification of graphite electrode Activating and toxic effects Immobilized Gluconobacter cells Bioelectrocatalytic testing Microbial fuel cell Biosensors 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are grateful for the support by the Russian Science Foundation within the framework of the project “Design, Fabrication and Study of New Hybrid Integrated Sensors Based on Nanoelectronic, Acoustoelectronic and Electrochemical Technologies for Biological Applications” No. 18-49-08005.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Reshetilov
    • 1
  • S. E. Tarasov
    • 1
  • Yu V. Plekhanova
    • 1
  1. 1.FSBIS G.K. Skryabin Institute of Biochemistry and Physiology of Microorganisms, Russian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia

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