Circadian and Seasonal Timing of Insect Olfactory Systems

  • Sakiko ShigaEmail author


Insects are exposed to cyclic environmental changes caused by regular geophysical events. To cope with physical and biological changes, insects set their activities at an appropriate time of the day and of the year, causing daily rhythm and seasonal rhythm. Using photoperiod and temperature insects adjust their development and reproduction to favorable seasons, and overcome unfavorable ones to enter diapause. During active seasons insect behavior or activity is timed in a fixed period of a day by the circadian clock. Both photoperiodism and daily rhythms employ circadian clock mechanisms. For efficient insect control, consideration of biological timing system is important to determine timing for application of controlling agents or appropriate treatments.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biological ScienceOsaka UniverisityToyonakaJapan

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