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Fall Armyworm (FAW; Lepidoptera: Noctuidae): Moth Oviposition and Crop Protection

  • Camilo Ayra-Pardo
  • Orlando Borras-Hidalgo
Chapter

Abstract

In plant-herbivore insect interaction, moths have developed different odour-related behaviours to choose preferred hosts, evade plant defences and guarantee the offspring fitness. Fall armyworm (FAW) is a voracious polyphagous insect pest originally from the Western hemisphere that targets some of the most important crops Worldwide. Due to its aggressiveness as pest and high adaptability to adverse environments, the need for new pest control strategies is constant. The study of FAW behaviours to efficiently manage field populations and improve crop protection is of great interest to entomologists and plant scientists alike. This chapter presents an overview of fall armyworm as crop pest, highlighting some behavioural adaptations of ovipositing female moths that may undermine the effectiveness of existing crop protection practices if are not taken into account. Furthermore, this chapter addresses the recent use of novel ground-breaking gene-editing techniques such as CRISPR/Cas9 to functionally investigate the olfactory system in moths of Spodoptera sp. that will offer opportunities for the development of new pest control strategies.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors want to thank editors (Jean-François “Jeff” Picimbon and Springer Nature) for the invitation to contribute with a chapter to this book.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Camilo Ayra-Pardo
    • 1
  • Orlando Borras-Hidalgo
    • 2
  1. 1.Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Funiu Mountain Insect BiologyNanyang Normal UniversityNanyangPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Microbial Engineering, School of BiotechnologyQi Lu University of TechnologyJinanPeople’s Republic of China

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