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Are We Still Not There Yet? Moving Further Along the Gender Highway

  • Clara GreedEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Sustainability, especially environmental sustainability, has been a driving force of planning policy for nearly 30 years. A key determinant in shaping cities is the nature of planning policy and thus the perspective and ‘world view’ of the policy-makers themselves, but the ‘dissonance’ between what the planners imagine is required and the realities experienced by the urban population as they seek to access and use ‘the city of everyday life’ is still striking. Solutions appear to be focused upon restriction, control and penalization, or upon condemnation of personal lifestyle choices, without offering alternatives based upon investment in structural spatial change and better transport systems and services. There has been an over-emphasis both upon the environmental and technical aspects of transport planning, at the expense of social considerations, especially gender. Many people, especially women, have found environmentally focused sustainable policies have made their daily lives more difficult, whilst not necessarily enabling them to adopt a greener lifestyle. The differential social impact of physical transport policy on different social groups, especially women, and other relatively powerless and unrepresented groups, is not considered. In order to enable women and men of all ages to travel comfortably and easily it is important to make transport systems accessible and usable, with adequate ancillary facilities. The ‘city of everyday life’ with short distances, mixed land uses and multiple centres would take into account gender considerations as it reduces the need to travel, creates more sustainable and accessible cities, whilst creating a higher quality of urban environment for all. It would provide more jobs and facilities locally and help revitalize declining areas overall.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Environment and TechnologyUniversity of the West of EnglandBristolUK

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