Nonviolent Resistance in the Struggle for Housing in Urban Areas of Brazil: The Direct Action of the Roofless Workers’ Movement
This chapter analyses the civil resistance campaign of the Roofless Workers’ Movement (MTST) for the right to housing in the periphery of large cities of Brazil. It explains how this social movement of workers used direct action, including land occupations and political actions, to achieve its objectives. Irrespective of the political parties in power, the movement mobilized against the state and private companies to denounce the violation of the right to decent housing, from which many Brazilians who live in the suburbs of cities have been deprived, and press for an effective urban reform. Without knowing much about civil resistance, its members adopted many of its principles in their nonviolent struggle for the recognition of the constitutional right to housing.
KeywordsMTST Brazil Nonviolent resistance Occupation Social movement
- Barbosa Pinto, Marina. 2014. Movimentos sociais e estratégia de classe. Revista Territórios Transversais 1 (1).Google Scholar
- Bentes, Ivana. 2016. Ocupa tudo! Extinção, resurreição e insurreição da Cultura. In Golpe 16, Renato Rovai (org.). São Paulo: Edições Forum.Google Scholar
- Chenoweth, Erica, and Maria J. Stephan. 2011. Why Civil Resistance Works: The Strategic Logic of Nonviolent Conflict. New York: Columbia University Press.Google Scholar
- Freitas, Carolina. 2017. Brasil: 20 años del MTST: un hormiguero contra el neoliberalismo. Retrieved from: http://www.resumenlatinoamericano.org/2017/12/18/brasil-20-anos-del-mtst-un-hormiguero-contra-el-neoliberalismo/ (accessed February 20, 2018).
- Kurlansky, Mark. 2015. No violencia: 25 lecciones sobre una idea peligrosa. Bogotá: Debate.Google Scholar
- Mellor, William. 1920. Direct Action. London: Leonard Parsons.Google Scholar
- MTST. 2005. As linhas políticas do MTST [The political lines of MTST]. Retrieved from: http://www.mtst.org/quem-somos/as-linhas-politicas-do-mtst/ (accessed January 10, 2018).
- Roberts, Adam. 2009. Introduction. In Civil Resistance and Power Politics: The Experience of Non-violent Action from Gandhi to the Present, ed. Adam Roberts and Timothy Garton Ash, 1–24. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
- Rocha, Glauber. 1965. Uma estética da fome. Revista da Civilização Brasileira (3).Google Scholar
- Rocha, Josué. 2015. Forjado na luta. Revista Territórios Transversais 1 (1).Google Scholar
- Sharp, Gene. 1973. The Politics of Nonviolent Action (Part One): Power and Struggle. Boston: Porter Sargent.Google Scholar