Summary and Key Themes: We Are the Land and the Waters
The symposia at the Flinders University and at Universitas Padjadjaran in West Java (December, 2017) (This symposium is linked with partnership development in Indonesia. UnPad (University of Padjadjaran) is co-hosting the symposium) spread across two geographical sites explored the challenge of increased urbanisation and movement towards cities (In Indonesia the rate of urbanisation is faster than other Asian countries: According to the World Bank: ‘Indonesia is undergoing a historic transformation from a rural to an urban economy. The country’s cities are growing faster than in other Asian countries at a rate of 4.1% per year. By 2025—in less than 10 years—Indonesia can expect to have 68% of its population living in cities’. http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2016/06/14/indonesia-urban-story) and the implications it has for the life chances of unemployed women who become increasingly vulnerable to trafficking. Globally women, children and vulnerable members of the population face complex health, housing and social inclusion needs especially in disaster-prone areas (https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/nov/27/christiana-figueres-the-woman-tasked-with-saving-the-world-from-global warming). Since the Stern Review on Climate Change (2006), little has been achieved in terms of mitigating the rate of warming. Burn and Simmons (2006) and Finn (2016) highlight the global and regional risks associated with the effects of climate change on the most vulnerable. The border protection mentality is becoming more prevalent globally, but human trafficking, disaster and climate change are transnational issues that require a big picture approach. This paper provides an overview of the symposium and gives a sense of the key points made across the papers provided. The common theme across the two sites is the need to protect the land and to prevent exploitation of people and the environment and to find ways to protect food, energy and water security through caring for people and living systems of which they are a strand.
KeywordsIntra- and cross-disciplinary approaches to urbanisation Food Energy and water insecurity
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