Advertisement

Innovative Assessment Approaches for Young Anxious Children

  • Suneeta MongaEmail author
  • Diane Benoit
Chapter

Abstract

This chapter describes five new screening and assessment tools developed or refined by our group to assist clinicians and researchers working with four- to seven-year-old anxious children. The Preschool Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (Pre-SCARED) is a parent report to screen and identify anxiety symptoms in four- to seven-year-old children that is derived from the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED). The Mutism Accommodation Scale is another parent report questionnaire that assesses the degree to which parents could unintentionally accommodate their children’s mutism. The chapter also describes three new clinician-administered tools our group created to help clinicians and researchers distinguish between selective mutism and social anxiety disorder in four-to seven-year-old children: the Talking Behavior Assessment Tool, the Selective Mutism Versus Social Anxiety Disorder Criteria Checklist, and the Steps to Talking. The chapter presents the currently available research evidence in support of these screening and assessment tools, including psychometric properties of the instruments where available.

Keywords

Novel preschool anxiety screening tools New preschool anxiety screening tools Pre-SCARED Mutism accommodation scale Talking behavior assessment tool Steps to talking 

References

  1. Birmaher, B., Brent, D. A., Chiappetta, L., Bridge, J., Monga, S., & Baugher, M. (1999). Psychometric properties of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): A replication study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38(10), 1230–1236.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199910000-00011.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Birmaher, B., Khetarpal, S., Brent, D., Cully, M., Balach, L., Kaufman, J., & Neer, S. M. (1997). The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): Scale construction and psychometric characteristics. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36(4), 545–553.  https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199704000-00018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Calinski, T., & Harabasz, J. (1974). A dendrite method for cluster analysis. Communications in Statistics, 3(1), 1–27.Google Scholar
  4. Genolini, C., Alacoque, X., Sentenac, M., & Arnaud, C. (2015). Kml and kml3d: R packages to cluster longitudinal data. Journal of Statistical Software, 65(4), 1–34. URL http://www.jstatsoft.org/v65/i04/.
  5. Monga, S., Birmaher, B., Chiappetta, L., Brent, D., Kaufman, J., Bridge, J., & Cully, M. (2000). Screen for Child Anxiety-Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED): Convergent and divergent validity. Depression and Anxiety, 12(2), 85–91.  https://doi.org/10.1002/1520-6394(2000)12:2%3c85::aid-da4%3e3.0.co;2-2.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Monga, S., Rosenbloom, B. N., Tanha, A., Owens, M., & Young, A. (2015). Comparison of child-parent and parent-only cognitive-behavioral therapy programs for anxious children aged 5 to 7 years: Short- and long-term outcomes. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 54(2), 138–146.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaac.2014.10.008.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Silverman, W. K. & Albano, A. M. (1996). The Anxiety disorders interview schedule for children for DSM-IV: Clinician manual (Child and parent versions).Google Scholar
  8. Spence, S. H., & Rapee, R. (1999). The preschool anxiety scale. Retrieved from http://www.scaswebsite.com/docs/scas-preschool-scale.pdf.
  9. Thompson-Hollands, J., Kerns, C. E., Pincus, D. B., & Comer, J. S. (2014). Parental accommodation of child anxiety and related symptoms: Range, impact, and correlates. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 28(8), 765–773.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2014.09.007.PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryHospital for Sick ChildrenTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of PsychiatryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

Personalised recommendations