“Scum of the Earth”: Animus and Violence Against Sex Offenders in Canadian Penitentiaries

  • Ryan Scrivens
  • Rosemary Ricciardelli
Part of the Sexual Crime book series (SEXCR)


Correctional scholars have long explored how those who are imprisoned for sexual offences (SOs) are targeted because of the nature of their crimes. In consequence, SOs report experiencing excessive physical, psychological, and emotional violence in prison. On the surface, their experiences resonate with how some scholars conceptualize the patterns of victimization faced by hate crime victims. This area of inquiry, however, remains underexplored. In response, the authors draw from the voices of 56 former federally incarcerated Canadian men, shedding light on their interpretations of other prisoners, either thought to be or actually convicted of a sex offence as well as any parallels in the positioning of SOs in prison and victims of bias-motivated crimes.


Sex offenders Prison Animus Violence Canada Victimization 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryan Scrivens
    • 1
  • Rosemary Ricciardelli
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Criminal JusticeMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyMemorial University of NewfoundlandSt. John’sCanada

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