FlexRay Protocol: Objectives and Features

  • Dong-Seong KimEmail author
  • Hoa Tran-Dang
Part of the Computer Communications and Networks book series (CCN)


In industrial networks, many mechanical controlling parts have been replaced with electronic control units (ECU). Such ECUs have been deployed and implemented in industrial automation modes to control the system as well as provide information to other on-board devices and users such as telephones and entertainment systems in vehicles. However, an increasing number and complexity of applications using ECUs has led to the development of new in-vehicle communication systems, as well as techniques to simplify the development of applications utilizing multiple ECUs. Different types of communication protocols are currently being used in different automobiles such as Controller Area Network (CAN) and FlexRay. FlexRay is a potential replacement for CAN, a bus for inter-ECU communication in many vehicles today since FlexRay can support high data rate, time/event-triggered behavior, deterministic, fault-tolerance and redundancy for the network communications.


  1. 1.
    Park H-S, Kim D-S, Kwon W-H (2002) A scheduling method for network-based control systems. IEEE Trans Control Syst Technol 10(3):318–330. IF: 2.521, ISSN: 1063–6536Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    He X, Wang Q, Zhang Z (2011) A survey of study of Flexray systems for automotive net. In: International conference on electronic and mechanical engineering and information technology (EMEIT), vol 3, pp 1197–1204Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Temple C (2003) Protocol overview. In: FlexRay international workshop, DetroitGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Pop T, Pop P, Eles P, Peng Z, Andrei A (2006) Timing analysis of Flexray communication protocol. In: 18th euromicro conference on real-time systems, pp 11, 216Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Murakami HTMK, Liyama S, Hosotani I (2007) A static scheduling method for distributed automotive control systems. IPSJ Trans Adv Comput Syst 48:203–215Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ding S, Tomiyama H, Takada H (2008) An effective ga-based scheduling algorithm for Flexray systems. IEICE Trans Inf Syst E91-D(8):2115–2123Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Schmidt K, Schmidt E (2009) Message scheduling for Flexray protocol: the static segment. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 58(5):2170–2179Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Zeng H, Di Natale M, Ghosal A, Sangiovanni-Vincentelli A (2011) Schedule optimization of time-triggered systems communicating over Flexray static segment. IEEE Trans Industr Inf 7(1):1–17CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jessen J, Peter Schwefel NH, Hamdan A (2007) Markov chain-based performance evaluation of Flexray dynamic segment. In: 6th international workshop on real time networks (RTN 07)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kim B, Park K (2009) Probabilistic delay model of dynamic message frame in Flexray protocol. IEEE Trans Consum Electron 55(1):77–82CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Schmidt E, Schmidt K (2009) Message scheduling for Flexray protocol: the dynamic segment. IEEE Trans Veh Technol 58(5):2160–2169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ding S, Murakami N, Tomiyama H, Takada H (2005) A GA-based scheduling method for FlexRay systems. In: Proceedings of the 5th ACM international conference on embedded software, ser. EMSOFT ’05, ACM, New York, USA, pp 110–113Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Endres E, Mller C, Shadrin A, Tverdyshev S (2010) Towards the formal verification of a distributed real-time automotive system. In: NASA formal methods, ser. NASA conference proceedings, NASA/CP-2010-216215, pp 212–216Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Zhang B (2006) On the formal verification of flexray communication protocol. In: Merz S, Nipkow T (eds) Automatic verification of critical systems, Nancy/France, pp 184–189Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bunzel S (2011) Autosar—the standardized software architecture. Informatik-Spektrum 34(1):79–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ICT Convergence EngineeringKumoh National Institute of TechnologyGumiKorea (Republic of)

Personalised recommendations