The flow around bluff bodies is recognized to be a rich topic due to its huge number of applications in natural and engineering sciences. Of particular interest is the case of blunt bodies where a reattachment of the separated boundary layer before the definitive separation in the wake occurs. One of the main feature of this type of flows is the combined presence of small scales due to the occurrence of self-sustained turbulent motions and large scales due to classical vortex shedding. The complete understanding of these multiple interacting phenomena would help for a correct prediction and control of relevant features for engineering applications such as wind loads on buildings and vehicles, vibrations and acoustic insulation, heat transfer efficiency and entrainment. Archetypal of these kind of flows is the flow around a rectangular cylinder. Many studies have been carried out in the past. The general aim is the understanding of the main mechanisms behind the two unstediness of the flow, the shedding of vortices at the leading-edge shear layer and the low-frequency flapping mode of the separation bubble, see e.g Cherry et al (J Fluid Mech, 144:13–46, 1984, ), Kiya and Sasaki (J Fluid Mech, 154:463–491, 1985), Nakamura et al (J Fluid Mech, 222:437–447, 1991, citeNakamura).
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Cherry, N.J., Hillier, R., Latour, M.E.M.: Unsteady measurements in a separated and reattaching flow. J. Fluid Mech. 144, 13–46 (1984)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kiya, M., Sasaki, K.: Structure of large-scale vortices and unsteady reverse flow in the reattaching zone of a turbulent separation bubble. J. Fluid Mech. 154, 463–491 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Nakamura, Y., Ohya, Y., Tsuruta, H.: Experiments on vortex shedding from flat plates with square leading and trailing edges. J. Fluid Mech. 222, 437–447 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bruno, L., Salvetti, M.V., Ricciardelli, F.: Benchmark on the aerodynamics of a rectangular 5: 1 cylinder: an overview after the first four years of activity. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 126, 87–106 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hourigan, K., Thompson, M.C., Tan, B.T.: Self-sustained oscillations in flows around long blunt plates. J. Fluids Struct. 15, 387–398 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Weller, H.G., Tabor, G., Jasak, H., Fureby, C.: A tensorial approach to computational continuum mechanics using object-oriented techniques. Comp. Phys. 12, 620–631 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Piomelli, U., Yu, Y., Adrian, R.J.: Subgrid-scale energy transfer and near-wall turbulence structure. Phys. Fluids 8, 215–224 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cimarelli, A., De Angelis, E.: The physics of energy transfer toward improved subgrid-scale models. Phys. Fluids 26, 055103 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Germano, M., Piomelli, U., Moin, P., Cabot, W.H.: A dynamic subgrid-scale eddy viscosity model. Phys. Fluids A 3, 1760–1765 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar