Climate Change and Socio-ecological Systems’ Vulnerability in the Coastal Areas of Tanzania: A Synthesis

  • Claude Gasper Mung’ong’o
  • Haji Mwevura
Part of the Springer Climate book series (SPCL)


Reducing the vulnerability of coastal communities to marine climate change requires that communities have some intrinsic capacity to adapt. To assist adaptation planning and the implementation of adaptation strategies, identifying barriers and enablers to adaptation is critical. Adaptive capacity, resource dependence, local climate change exposure, and biological sensitivity were used to assess socioeconomic vulnerability to climate change in five Tanzania mainland coastal districts of Pangani, Rufiji, Kilwa, Lindi, and Mtwara. Such vulnerability assessment was also done in the three island communities of Zanzibar, Pemba, and Mafia. This last chapter of the monograph summarizes the findings of the case study assessments, draws the main conclusions from them, and identifies the best adaptation strategies that utilize available assets, improve adaptive capacity, and reduce socioeconomic vulnerability (Metcalf et al. 2015).


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Gasper Mung’ong’o
    • 1
  • Haji Mwevura
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Resource AssessmentUniversity of Dar es SalaamDar es SalaamTanzania
  2. 2.State University of ZanzibarZanzibarTanzania

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