This chapter provides an analytic narrative to help us understand both theoretically and empirically the authoritarian institutional changes Xi Jinping has brought to the Chinese regime. Theoretically, the chapter develops a framework for unbundling the authoritarian institutions—power-sharing and co-opting institutions—and understanding their interactions. Its theoretical predictions are then examined through narratives on Xi’s institutional endeavors to tame the growth curse and marshal social support for the regime through co-optation. In a broader sense, the findings also tell the students of comparative authoritarianism how authoritarian regimes evolve. Combining both analyses on Xi’s restructuring of China’s elite politics and the new initiative in social co-optation completes my depiction of the institutional trajectory Xi’s political maneuvering has taken.
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