Public Policy and Legislation
This chapter provides a deeper look at the current federal public policy and legislation surrounding disasters in the United States, including the role of federalism in its implementation at the state level. These policies are primarily aimed at reducing losses to the federal coffers and not at rebuilding communities; as a result, they privilege the recovery of homeowning nuclear families above all others. This has been seen in multiple disasters, including in the Road Home following Hurricane Katrina, where aid mechanisms were primarily geared toward homeowners despite the high percentage of renters and families in public housing. The chapter also provides a brief comparison of US policies and frameworks with international models that account for more attention to livelihoods and other structural considerations.
KeywordsFederalism Stafford Act Emergency Management Policy implementation Administrative evil Bureaucratic discretion
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