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Gastrointestinal and Peritoneal Tuberculosis

  • Sophia De Saram
  • Jon S. FriedlandEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

Abdominal tuberculosis may affect the gastrointestinal tract, the peritoneum, intra-abdominal lymph nodes and the solid abdominal viscera. This chapter focuses on tuberculosis involving the gastrointestinal tract and peritoneum both of which are almost certainly underdiagnosed with the resulting loss of treatment opportunities. The epidemiology and pathogenesis are reviewed here before the common clinical presentations of this form of tuberculosis are described. A discussion of the role of biochemical, radiological, histological, microbiological and immunological investigations in the investigation of patients is followed by a brief summary of medical and surgical management issues specific to gastrointestinal tuberculosis. The chapter ends with some suggestions for present research priorities.

Keywords

Tuberculosis Intestine Abdomen Oesophagus Stomach Bowel Ileocaecal Colon Peritoneum Ascites Radiology Endoscopy 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Infection and ImmunityImperial College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Institute of Infection and ImmunitySt George’s, University of LondonLondonUK

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