3D Printing Technology of Polymer Composites and Hydrogels for Artificial Skin Tissue Implementations

  • Jenifer Joseph
  • Kalim Deshmukh
  • Tran Tung
  • K. Chidambaram
  • S. K. Khadheer PashaEmail author
Part of the Lecture Notes in Bioengineering book series (LNBE)


Today, the need for tissue and organ transplant has occupied the centre stage in the field of biomedical engineering. The requirement and the replacement ratio increase drastically where the supply was not met by the demand due to the lack of donors, poor biocompatibility of tissues from donors that boycotts the transplant itself. On the other hand, from the advancement in technology, it is possible to replace natural tissues with some polymeric hydrogels whose mechanical behaviour and biocompatibility resembles the natural tissues. Additionally, hydrogels are one of the effective materials that offer an aqua environment with enriched oxygen and nutrition content that a biological cell needs. Further, three-dimensional (3D) printing, a manufacturing technique where the biomedical organs are fussed with materials such as plastic, ceramics, liquids, powder, living cell etc. in such a way that it provides a 3D object in the micron-scale resolution. Therefore, the combination of polymer composites, hydrogels and 3D printing has its application in skin bioprinting and tissue engineering. Thus, it contributes in acquiring a new, efficient, cost-effective and enhanced biocompatible biological organ.


3D printing Hydrogels Polymer composites Artificial skin Biomedical field 

List of Abbreviations

3D printing

Three-dimensional printing


Additive manufacturing


Ammonium persulfate


Cellulose acetate




Computer-aided design




Decellularized extracellular matrix


Electro-conductive hydrogels


Extracellular matrix


Fused deposition modelling FDM


Gelatin methacrylate


Graphene oxide




Potassium persulfate


Laser-assisted bioprinting




Multiwall carbon nanotubes










Poly ethylene glycol


Poly ethylene glycol diacrylate




Poly glycolic acid


Polylactic acid


Poly lactic-co-glycolic acid


Poly N-isopropyl acrylamide






Poly (tetrafluoroethylene)


Poly urethane


Poly vinyl alcohol


Poly vinyl chloride


Polyvinylidene fluoride


Poly (viny1 methyl ether)


Rapid prototyping


Solid-free form technology




Single-wall carbon nanotubes


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jenifer Joseph
    • 1
  • Kalim Deshmukh
    • 2
  • Tran Tung
    • 3
  • K. Chidambaram
    • 1
  • S. K. Khadheer Pasha
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Physics, School of Advanced SciencesVIT UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsB.S. Abdur Rahman Crescent Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiIndia
  3. 3.The University of AdelaideNorth Terrace, AdelaideAustralia
  4. 4.Department of PhysicsVIT-AP UniversityAmaravati, GunturIndia

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