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A Fundamental Approach Toward Polymers and Polymer Composites: Current Trends for Biomedical Applications

  • Rajan ChoudharyEmail author
  • Mohit Saraswat
  • Senthil Kumar Venkatraman
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Bioengineering book series (LNBE)

Abstract

Polymers and their composites are widely studied for various biomedical applications including hard tissue regeneration, wound healing, artificial skin, antibacterial oxygenators, and drug delivery carriers. Both natural and synthetic polymers are employed for clinical applications and possess numerous advantages and a few limitations. State-of-the-art microarray technique assists in rapid screening of most suitable polymeric materials for biomedical applications and 3D printing aids in fabricating scaffolds with desirable porosity to mimic the architecture of natural tissues. The insufficient mechanical strength and hydrophobic nature of polymers restrict their applications in the field of tissue engineering. The incorporation of inorganic bioactive ceramics as filler in the organic polymer matrix is expected to eliminate these limitations. The present chapter describes the current advancements made in using polymers and its composites for biological applications and predicts the future studies to make these materials as a promising alternative for traditional metallic implants. A brief discussion on the emerging techniques and significant research done is also presented.

Keywords

Biomaterial Polymer Composites Gas permeability Additive manufacturing Microarray Tissue engineering applications 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors thank Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) for financial support. With immense pleasure and deep sense of gratitude, authors wish to express sincere thanks to Dr. S. Sasikumar, Associate Professor, School of Advanced Sciences (SAS), VIT, without his motivation and continuous encouragement, this book chapter would not have been successfully completed.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajan Choudhary
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohit Saraswat
    • 1
  • Senthil Kumar Venkatraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, School of Advanced SciencesVellore Institute of TechnologyVelloreIndia

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