Cultural Considerations in the Assessment of Sexually Violent Predators
The overall prospect of restricting civil liberties for those individuals who have served their sentence for a sexual offense is not without controversy. A number of states developed strategies to find a balance between the protection of the public and the rights of those convicted. However, the bulk of those strategies do little to consider cultural variables that may inaccurately assess the risk of an individual to reoffend for a sexual offense. This chapter discusses the current state of the field in light of the lack of data, including the identification of studies that do evaluate cultural variables, and finally makes recommendations for practitioners in the field.
KeywordsRecidivism Reoffending Cultural considerations Sexually violent predators
- Andrews, D., & Bonta, J. (2001). LSI-R: The level of service inventory-revised user’s manual. North Tonawanda, NY: MultiHealth Systems.Google Scholar
- Babchishin, K. M., Hanson, R. K., Helmus, L., Långström, N., & Nichol, T. (2011). The RRASOR, static-99R and static-2002R all add incrementally to the prediction of recidivism among sex offenders.Google Scholar
- Bennett, N. M., Leany, B. D., & Benuto, L. T. (2015). Assessing risk and recidivism in African Americans. In Guide to psychological assessment with African Americans (pp. 305–311). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Benuto, L., & Leany, B. (Eds.). (2015). Guide to psychological assessment with African Americans. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
- Benuto, L., Thaler, N., & Leany, B. (2014). Guide to psychological assessment with Asian Americans. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
- Benuto, L. T., Leany, B. D., Thaler, N. S., & Yonesawa, A. (2014). Assessing risk, recidivism, and dangerousness in Asians. In Guide to psychological assessment with Asians (pp. 443–451). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
- Boccaccini, M. T., Murrie, D. C., Caperton, J. D., & Hawes, S. W. (2009). Field validity of the STATIC-99 and MnSOST-R among sex offenders evaluated for civil commitment as sexually violent predators. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 15(4), 278–314. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017232CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Carson, E. A. (2014). Prisoners in 2013. U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.bjs.gov/content/pub/pdf/p13.pdf.
- Carson, E. A., & Sabol, W. J. (2012). Prisoners in 2011. Bureau of Justice Statistics Bulletin. U.S. Department of Justice.Google Scholar
- Epperson, D. L., Kaul, J. D., Huot, S., Hesselton, D., & Alexander, W. (2000). Minnesota sex offender screening tool-revised (MnSOST-R). St. Paul, MN: Minnesota Department of Corrections.Google Scholar
- Groth-Marnat, G. (2009). Handbook of psychological assessment. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.Google Scholar
- Hanson, R. K., & Thornton, D. (2003). Notes on the development of static–2002 (Corrections research user report 2003–01). Ottawa, Ontario, Canada: Department of the Solicitor General of Canada.Google Scholar
- Helmus, L., Thornton, D., Hanson, R. K., & Babchishin, K. M. (2012). Improving the predictive accuracy of Static-99 and Static-2002 with older sex offenders: Revised age weights. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 39(9), 1148–1171.Google Scholar
- Langton, C. M., Barbaree, H. E., Seto, M. C., Peacock, E. J., Harkins, L., & Hansen, K. T. (2007). Actuarial assessment of risk for re-offense among adult sex offenders: Evaluating the predictive accuracy of the Static-2002 and five other instruments. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 37–59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Lee, S. C., Restrepo, A., Satariano, A., & Hanson, R. K. (2016). The predictive validity of static-99R for sexual offenders in California: 2016 update. Retrieved from: http://saratso.org/pdf/ThePredictiveValidity_of_Static_99R_forSexualOffenders_inCalifornia_2016v1.pdf.
- Quinsey, V. L (2017). The art of misdirection: Abbott’s shaky take on the VRAG-R. Retrieved from http://www.vrag-r.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/Comment-on-Abbott-July-25.pdf
- Thornton, D., Mann, R., Webster, S., Blud, L., Travers, R., Friendship, C., et al. (2003). Distinguishing and combining risks for sexual and violent recidivism. In R. A. Prentky, E. S. Janus, & M. C. Seto (Eds.), Sexually coercive behavior: Understanding and management (Vol. 989, pp. 225–235). New York: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
- Varela, J. G., Boccaccini, M. T., Murrie, D. C., Caperton, J. D., & Gonzalez, E. J. (2013). Do the static-99 and static-99R perform similarly for White, Black, and Latino sexual offenders? The International Journal of Forensic Mental Health, 12(4), 231–243. https://doi.org/10.1080/14999013.2013.846950CrossRefGoogle Scholar