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Organic Farming in Protecting Water Quality

  • S. Sivaranjani
  • Amitava Rakshit
Chapter

Abstract

Increases in population require the generation of new farmlands to supplement existing ones. Organic farming is a type of agricultural farming that produces food without the use of any chemical fertilizers. Organic farming also maintains biodiversity and reduces the environmental pollution of water, air, and soil. The most common environmental problems in the cultivation of land include the mismanagement of manure applications, pesticide leaching, and heavy metal accumulation. Thus, organic farming practices help to protect against nutrient leaching, water runoff, and soil erosion. However, without the proper management, organic farming practices also lead to the same environmental issues as conventional farming does. This chapter reviews the ways that organic farming protects water quality.

Keywords

Organic farming Water quality Environment 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Sivaranjani
    • 1
  • Amitava Rakshit
    • 2
  1. 1.Soil Science, Forest Soil and Land Reclamation DivisionForest Research InstituteDehradunIndia
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural ScienceBanaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiIndia

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