Steam Oxidation Behavior of FeCrAl Cladding
In order to better understand the high temperature steam oxidation behavior of FeCrAl alloys, this study addressed two topics. The first is continuing to evaluate the effect of alloy composition on performance of commercial and laboratory-made candidate FeCrAl alloys. For a few optimized compositions, this includes the performance of commercially-made tubing where it is clear that dropping the Cr content from 20% to 10–13% reduces the maximum operating temperature in steam by ~50 °C. The second addresses more realistic accident conditions. Model FeCrAl compositions that were exposed in ~300 °C water for 1 year were subsequently “ramp” tested in steam at 5 °C/min to 1500 °C to assess the effect of the Fe-rich oxide formed in water on the subsequent steam oxidation resistance. For Fe-18Cr-3Al+Y, the 1 year exposures in three different LWR water chemistries did not affect the ability to form alumina to 1500 °C. However, for marginal alloys Fe-13Cr-4Al and Fe-10Cr-5Al, some specimens began forming voluminous Fe-rich oxide at lower temperatures.
KeywordsFuel cladding High temperature oxidation Steam FeCrAl Al2O3
The experimental work was conducted by M. Howell, T. Lowe and T. Jordan. S. S. Raiman provided useful comments on the manuscript. This research was funded by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Nuclear Energy, Advanced Fuel Campaign of the Fuel Cycle R&D program.
Notice: This manuscript has been authored by UT-Battelle, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the U.S. Department of Energy. The United States Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the United States Government retains a non-exclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, world-wide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript, or allow others to do so, for United States Government purposes. The Department of Energy will provide public access to these results of federally sponsored research in accordance with the DOE Public Access Plan (http://energy.gov/downloads/doe-public-access-plan).
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