The Effect of Microchemistry on the Crack Response of Lightly Cold Worked Dual Certified Type 304/304L Stainless Steel After Sensitizing Heat Treatment

  • K. B. FisherEmail author
  • B. D. Miller
  • E. C. Johns
  • R. Hermer
  • C. Brown
  • E. A. Marquis
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


Sensitization and deformation have previously been implicated in the stress corrosion cracking (SCC) susceptibility of Type 304 stainless steel (SS) in oxygenated water. However, Type 304L SS, with reduced carbon content, is expected to be resistant to sensitization effects. The current work evaluates the SCC response of two dual certified Type 304/304L SSs after a sensitization heat treatment. It is shown that other material factors, namely boron content and delta ferrite stringers, can lead to sensitization and subsequent SCC even in L-grade materials.


Stress corrosion cracking Boron Delta ferrite Cold work 304 SS 304L SS 



The authors would like to thank the Rickover Fellowship Program in Nuclear Engineering sponsored by the Naval Reactors Division of the U.S. Department of Energy in conjunction with Bettis Laboratory, West Mifflin, PA for funding this research. The authors would also like to thank the Michigan Center for Materials Characterization for use of the instruments and staff assistance.


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. B. Fisher
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. D. Miller
    • 2
  • E. C. Johns
    • 2
  • R. Hermer
    • 2
  • C. Brown
    • 2
  • E. A. Marquis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Material Science and EngineeringUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Naval Nuclear LaboratoryWest MifflinUSA

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