Plastic Deformation Processes Accompanying Stress Corrosion Crack Propagation in Irradiated Austenitic Steels

  • M. N. GussevEmail author
  • G. S. Was
  • J. T. Busby
  • K. J. Leonard
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


During stress corrosion crack propagation, stress values in the crack tip vicinity often exceed material yield stress limit. Plastic deformation processes may accompany and influence cracking. Here, stress corrosion crack propagation and deformation mechanisms were investigated using EBSD analysis. The investigated material was 304L Ti-enriched austenitic stainless steel irradiated to 10.4 dpa at 320°C in the BOR-60 fast reactor. Crack growth tests were conducted in a simulated Normal Water Chemistry (NWC) environment in the temperature range 288–320 °C using compact tension specimens. By analyzing crack trajectory and grain structure in the crack vicinity, it was established that grain orientation with respect to the acting stress direction was not a key factor controlling crack propagation. No crystallographic orientation susceptible to cracking was identified. Also, EBSD analysis revealed strong inhomogeneity in plastic strain distribution along the crack path. Most crack-adjacent grains remained virtually strain-free whereas few grains experienced strong plastic strain. These areas were presumed to be “plastic bridges” or “ductile ligaments.”


EBSD Stress corrosion cracking Deformation localization Neutron irradiation Austenitic steel 


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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. N. Gussev
    • 1
    Email author
  • G. S. Was
    • 2
  • J. T. Busby
    • 1
  • K. J. Leonard
    • 1
  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.University of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

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