Microstructures of Oxide Films Formed in Alloy 182 BWR Core Shroud Support Leg Cracks
This paper contributes to a TEM examination on the oxide films formed at three locations along a crack path in Alloy 182 weld from a BWR core shroud support leg, namely, the crack mouth, the midway between the mouth and the crack tip, and the crack tip. In the crack mouth the oxide film was approximately 1.6 μm in thickness and consisted of relatively pure NiO. The midway oxide film was mainly a nickel chromium oxide with a film thickness of 0.3 μm. At the crack tip the oxide film was a nickel chromium iron oxide with a film thickness of 30 nm. In all studied locations the main oxides had the similar rocksalt structure and the cracks were much wider than the thicknesses of the oxide films. It probably suggests that the corroded metal was largely dissolved into the coolant. The different dissolution rates of nickel, chromium and iron cations in the oxide films are clearly displayed with the compositions of the residual oxides. The oxide stability under different redox potentials along the crack path is briefly discussed.
KeywordsCrack Oxide microstructure BWR Core shroud Support leg TEM FIB SEM
The authors wish to express their sincere gratitude to Mr. Roger Lundström and Mr. Michael Jakobsson at Studsvik Nuclear AB who performed light optical microscopy work, and to Dr. J. Öijerholm at Studsvik Nuclear AB for his technical and administrative support.
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