SCC and Fracture Toughness of XM-19

  • Peter AndresenEmail author
  • Martin Morra
  • Robert Carter
Conference paper
Part of the The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series book series (MMMS)


The effect of stress intensity factor, cold work, corrosion potential and water purity on the stress corrosion crack (SCC) growth rate behavior of as-received and as-received plus 19.3% cold worked XM-19 was investigated in 288 °C BWR water. For 19.3% cold rolled XM-19, high to very high crack growth rates were consistently observed at high corrosion potential, largely independent of heat or orientation. As received XM-19 exhibited SCC growth rates ~5–10X slower than cold worked XM-19, but these rates are still considered high. For all materials and conditions, low corrosion potential conditions reduced the growth rates by about an order of magnitude, and somewhat more if impurities were present in the water. The SCC growth rates for both conditions of XM-19 were somewhat higher than the equivalent conditions of 18-8 stainless steels, such as Types 304/304L and 316/316L. Higher growth rates tend to be observed at higher yield strength, and XM-19 has an elevated yield strength from nitrogen-strengthening; incomplete annealing in the as-received material can also increase the yield strength. The J-R fracture resistance of 19.3% cold rolled XM-19 and as-received XM-19 in multiple orientations and with replicates was evaluated in 288 °C air. The data show a significant effect of crack orientation in the plate (the rolling plane coincides with the plane of the plate), consistent with the inhomogeneous nature of the microstructure. The fracture resistance of as-received XM-19 was good, but the 19.3% cold rolled XM-19 specimens exhibited low toughness, to the extent that many tests were invalid. Fracture resistance in 80–288 °C water environments was not evaluated, but is relevant to LWR components. Irradiation of this heat of XM-19 is in progress at the Idaho National Laboratory Advanced Test Reactor.


Stress corrosion cracking Crack growth rate Cold work J-R fracture resistance Boiling water reactor XM-19 stainless steel Water chemistry 


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© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Andresen ConsultingBakersfieldUSA
  2. 2.GE Global Research Center, One Research CircleSchenectadyUSA
  3. 3.Electric Power Research InstituteCharlotteUSA

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