Nutraceuticals for Camelids

  • Tarun K. Gahlot


Nutraceuticals are becoming increasingly popular within the veterinary profession and are popularly used in camelids as dietary supplements for improving health, preventing disease, and providing nutritional supplementation. Camel milk is among such dietary supplement with profound nutraceutical values. About 16 active nutraceuticals have been identified and discussed. These are galactolipid natural emulsifiers; natural tocotrienol antioxidants; oat-derived beta glucans; phospholipids; bioavailable trace and macro minerals; nanotechnology components and simple sugars “oligosaccharides”; natural buffering and yeast cultures; omega-3 fatty acids; prebiotics; vitamin D3, phosphorus, calcium, and yeast cultures; digestible milk proteins; glutamic acid; methylsulfonylmethane (MSM); microscopic toxin binder; nucleotides; and vitamin C. Nutraceutical supplementation improves cartilaginous health within the joint as well as maintains the skin and hair coat quality. These have a profoundly beneficial impact on the health of the body, and antioxidant compounds may help in the prevention of cancer.


Camelids Nutraceuticals Galactolipid natural emulsifiers Tocotrienol antioxidants Oat-derived beta glucans Phospholipids Bioavailable trace and macro minerals Oligosaccharides Omega-3 fatty acids Prebiotics Vit. D3 Phosphorus Calcium and yeast cultures Digestible milk proteins Glutamic acid MSM (methylsulfonylmethane) Microscopic toxin binder Nucleotides and vitamin C 

Suggested Readings

  1. Allen JD, Gawthorne JW (1987) Involvement of the solid phase of rumen digesta in the interaction between copper, molybdenum and sulphur in sheep. Br J Nutr 58:265–276CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bremner I, Humphries WR, Phillippo M et al (1987) Iron induced copper deficiency in calves: dose response relationships and interactions with molybdenum and sulphur. Anim Prod 45:403–414Google Scholar
  3. Brower V (1998) Nutraceuticals: poised for a healthy slice of the healthcare market? Nat Biotechnol 16:728–731CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cao J, Henry PR, Guo R et al (2000) Chemical characteristics and relative bioavailability of supplemental organic zinc sources for poultry and ruminants. J Anim Sci 78:2039–2054CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Christensen LP (2009) Galactolipids as potential health promoting compounds in vegetable foods. Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric 1(1):50–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cousins RJ, Liuzzi JP, Lichten LA (2006) Mammalian zinc transport, trafficking, and signals. J Biol Chem 281:24085–24089CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. De Domenico I, Ward DM, Kaplan J (2008) Regulation of iron acquisition and storage: consequences for iron-linked disorders. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 9:7281CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. De Felice SL (2002) FIM rationale and proposed guidelines for the Nutraceutical Research & Education Act-NREA, November 10, 2002. Foundation for Innovation in Medicine. Available at:
  9. El Agamy EI, Ruppanner R, Ismail A et al (1992) Antibacterial and antiviral activity of camel milk protective proteins. J Dairy Res 59:169–175CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Elizabeth AC (2002) Over-the-counter products: nonprescription medications, nutraceuticals, and herbal agents. Clin Obstet Gynecol 45(1):89–98CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. FDA/CFSAN resources page (1994) Food and Drug Administration Web site. Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. Available at:
  12. Gulliver CE, Friend MA, King BJ et al (2012) The role of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in reproduction of sheep and cattle. Anim Reprod Sci 131(1–2):9–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hansen M, Fernandes G, Good R (1982) Nutrition and immunity: the influence of diet on autoimmunity and the role of zinc in the immune response. Annu Rev Nutr 2:151–157CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Heyland DK (2001) In search of the magic nutraceuticals: problems with current approaches. J Nutr 131(9):2591S–2595SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hunt JR (2003) Bioavailability of iron, zinc, and other trace minerals from vegetarian diets. Am J Clin Nutr 78(3):633S–639S. CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Jenkins T (2004) Challenges of meeting cow demands for omega fatty acids. In: Florida ruminant nutrition symposium, pp 52–66Google Scholar
  17. Jiang Q (2014) Natural forms of vitamin E: metabolism, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities and the role in disease prevention and therapy. Free Radic Biol Med 72:76–90CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nelson NJ (1999) Purple carrots, margarine laced with wood pulp? Nutraceuticals move into the supermarket. J Natl Cancer Inst 91:755–757CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Reyna-Villasmil N, Bermúdez-Pirela VMD et al (2007) Oat-derived β-glucan significantly improves HDLC and diminishes LDLC and Non-HDL cholesterol in overweight individuals with mild hypercholesterolemia. Am J Ther 14(2):203–212CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Spears JW (2003) Trace mineral bioavailability in ruminants. J Nutr 133(Suppl 5):1506S–1509SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Voulgaris D (2011) Alternative therapies in camelids. Faculty publications and other works – large animal clinical sciences.
  22. Whitman M (2001) Understanding the perceived need for complementary and alternative nutraceuticals: lifestyle issues. Clin J Oncol Nurs 5:190–194Google Scholar
  23. Yagil R (1982) Camels and camel milk. Food and Agriculture Organization, Animal Production. Health Paper 26Google Scholar
  24. Zeisel SH (1999) Regulation of nutraceuticals. Science 285:185–186CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tarun K. Gahlot
    • 1
  1. 1.Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal SciencesBikanerIndia

Personalised recommendations