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Nutraceuticals in Cattle Health and Diseases

  • Begüm Yurdakok-Dikmen
  • Ayhan Filazi
Chapter

Abstract

As a result of growing consumer demand for “clean, green, and ethical” products related to public awareness of environmental and health risks of veterinary medicinal products—and the increase in antimicrobial resistance, leading to loss of effectiveness—beef and dairy producers are striving to find effective alternatives. Nutraceuticals provide a valuable tool for prevention and control of diseases in ruminants through their antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial effects. Nutraceuticals with beneficial effects on the rumen microbiota contribute to increases in productivity and profitability, since the rumen plays an important role in the immune system and nutrition. The beneficial effects are not restricted to cattle health but also impact the environment as a result of their positive impacts on methane emissions. These compounds also have the potential to increase the “healthy fats” in the final products, which are favored for human health. Therefore, nutraceuticals (including probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics), dietary lipids, proteins and peptides (including antimicrobial peptides), algae (macroalgae and microalgae), and phytonutraceuticals (tannins, saponins, and essential oils) are valuable tools in cattle health and disease. Meanwhile, many factors affect the efficacy of nutraceuticals, including the source, production technique, and concentration of the compound, along with the physical condition, diet, species, and rumen pH of the animal. To achieve the maximum benefits of nutraceuticals, more studies should be performed to assess their efficacy and toxicity in different ruminant species with different physiological conditions.

Keywords

Cattle Nutraceuticals Probiotics Prebiotics Synbiotics Dietary lipids proteins and peptides Algae Phytonutraceuticals 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • Begüm Yurdakok-Dikmen
    • 1
  • Ayhan Filazi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary MedicineAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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