Psychological Resilience

  • Michelle E. MlinacEmail author
  • Anne Schwabenbauer


Aging successfully has been held as a goal for older adults (Bowling, 2007), yet late life brings its share of troubles that do not always lend themselves to this ideal (Harris, 2008). For many older adults, simply maintaining stability despite loss is the more achievable aim. Resilience in late life can be conceptualized as the maintenance of physical and psychological health in the face of risk or threats (Mehta et al., 2008). The study of resilience originally developed from the literature on psychopathology (Staudinger, Marsiske, & Baltes, 1995), and has grown to incorporate a diverse literature base that includes positive psychology, adult development, and stress and coping. The process of aging itself can lead to development of adaptive coping mechanisms and wisdom, allowing one to meet the demands of later life with strength (Foster, 1997). Resilience may well be possible for all older adults, including those with cognitive or emotional impairments.


Psychological resilience Self-esteem Social support Measurement 


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.VA Boston Healthcare SystemBostonUSA
  2. 2.Erie VA Medical CenterErieUSA

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