The Biology Behind Carolyn’s Code

  • V. Anne Smith
Part of the Science and Fiction book series (SCIFICT)


This essay provides an overview of the science behind the preceding novel, ranging from basic biology of DNA to cutting-edge technologies in synthetic genomes. The state of modern science relating both to the code in ‘Carolyn’s Code’ and the secret it encoded is covered, as well as speculation on advances necessary to reach the state of science described in the fiction.

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Anne Smith
    • 1
  1. 1.School of BiologyUniversity of St. AndrewsSt. AndrewsUK

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