Advertisement

Basic Beliefs

  • Andrew Village
Chapter

Abstract

The Church of England holds to the historic Creeds of Christianity, expressing its distinctive beliefs at the time of its formation through the 39 Articles of Religion found in the Book of Common Prayer. This chapter examines the extent to which Church Times readers affirm some core doctrines and traditional beliefs. The analysis covers beliefs related to the resurrection, virgin birth, heaven and hell, pluralism, evolution, and the Bible. It shows how beliefs vary between different groups in the sample and how they changed between the two surveys in 2001 and 2013. Although beliefs varied between groups and over time in complex ways, the overall picture suggested that core doctrines were widely upheld, but there was increased acceptance of religious pluralism and biological evolution. In general, the Church of England still seems well placed to function as a vicarious holder of Christian beliefs on behalf of the nation.

References

  1. Adams, M. M. (2007). A shameless defence of a liberal church. Modern Believing, 48(1), 25–37.  https://doi.org/10.3828/mb.48.1.25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Burgess, N. (2005). Geoffrey Fisher’s ghost—The ‘liberal conspiracy’ in the Church of England. Modern Believing, 46(3), 63–70.  https://doi.org/10.3828/mb.46.3.63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chapman, M. D. (2011). Essays and reviews: 150 years on. Modern Believing, 52(2), 14–22.  https://doi.org/10.3828/mb.52.2.14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Clatworthy, J. (2014). Editorial: [Liberal theology, with some background on the beginning of what became Modern Church]. Modern Believing, 55(4), v–xxi.  https://doi.org/10.3828/mb.2014.31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Clements, B. (2016). Surveying Christian beliefs and religious debates in post-war Britain. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davie, G. (1994). Religion in Britain since 1945: Believing without belonging. Oxford and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  7. Davie, G. (2015). Religion in Britain: A persistent paradox (2nd ed.). Oxford: Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Dawkins, R. (2012, December 11). Richard Dawkins: Census shows that Christianity in Britain is ‘on the way out’. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved from https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/religion/9738031/Richard-Dawkins-Census-shows-that-Christianity-in-Britain-is-on-the-way-out.html.
  9. Dyson, A. (1985). The bishop of Durham and all that. Modern Churchman, 27(3), 1–2.  https://doi.org/10.3828/mc.27.3.1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gore, C. (Ed.). (1889). Lux Mundi: A series of studies in the religion of the incarnation. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  11. Hannaford, R. (2000). The legacy of liberal Anglican theology. Theology, 103(812), 89–97.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0040571x0010300203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hylson-Smith, K. (1993). High churchmanship in the Church of England from the sixteenth century to the late twentieth century. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
  13. ICBI. (1978). Chicago Statement on Biblical Inerrancy. Retrieved December 6, 2017, from http://www.bible-researcher.com/chicago1.html.
  14. Ipsos MORI. (2012). Religious and social attitudes of UK Christians in 2011. Retrieved June 14, 2018, from https://www.ipsos-mori.com/researchpublications/researcharchive/2921/Religious-and-Social-Attitudes-of-UK-Christians-in-2011.aspx.
  15. Lawes, C. (2009). Faith and Darwin: Harmony, conflict, or confusion? London: Theos.Google Scholar
  16. Miller, J. D., Scott, E. C., & Okamoto, S. (2006). Public acceptance of evolution. Science, 313(5788), 765–766.  https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1126746.
  17. Nichols, A. (1993). The panther and the hind: A theological history of Anglicanism. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.Google Scholar
  18. Nockles, P. B. (1994). The Oxford Movement in context: Anglican high churchmanship, 1760–1857. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  19. ONS. (2012). Religion in England and Wales 2011. London: Office for National Statistics.Google Scholar
  20. Parker, J. W. (Ed.). (1860). Essays and reviews. London: Parker.Google Scholar
  21. Robinson, J. A. T. (1963). Honest to God. London: SCM Press.Google Scholar
  22. Selwyn, E. G. (1926). Essays Catholic & critical. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge.Google Scholar
  23. Village, A. (2005). Assessing belief about the Bible: A study among Anglican laity. Review of Religious Research, 46(3), 243–254.  https://doi.org/10.2307/3512554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Village, A. (2007). The Bible and lay people: An empirical approach to ordinary hermeneutics. Aldershot and Burlington, VT: Ashgate.Google Scholar
  25. Village, A. (2012). Biblical literalism among Anglican clergy: What is the role of psychological type? Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 15(9), 955–968.  https://doi.org/10.1080/13674676.2012.681482.
  26. Village, A. (2016). Biblical conservatism and psychological type. Journal of Empirical Theology, 29(2), 137–159.  https://doi.org/10.1163/15709256-12341340.
  27. Village, A., & Baker, S. (2018). Rejecting Darwinian evolution: The effects of education, church tradition, and individual theological stance among UK churchgoers. Review of Religious Research.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13644-018-0335-8.
  28. Ward, W. R. (1964). Oxford and the origins of liberal Catholicism in the Church of England. Studies in Church History, 1, 233–252.  https://doi.org/10.1017/s0424208400004368.
  29. Wellings, M. (2003). Evangelicals embattled: Responses of evangelicals in the Church of England to ritualism, Darwinism, and theological liberalism 1890–1930. Carlisle: Paternoster Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andrew Village
    • 1
  1. 1.York St John UniversityYorkUK

Personalised recommendations