An Overview of Current Trends in Emergence of Nanomaterials for Sustainable Microbial Fuel Cells

  • Gunaseelan Kuppurangam
  • Gajalakshmi Selvaraj
  • Thirumurugan Ramasamy
  • Vignesh Venkatasamy
  • Sathish-Kumar KamarajEmail author
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 23)


Microbial fuel cell (MFC) technologies have been globally noticed as one of the most promising sources for alternative renewable energy, due to its capability of transforming the organics in the wastewater directly into electricity through catalytic reactions of microorganisms under anaerobic conditions. In this chapter, the state of the art of review on the various emerging technological aspects of nanotechnology for the development of nanomaterials to make the existing microbial fuel cell technology as more sustainable and reliable in order to serve the growing energy demand. Initially, a brief history of the development and the current trends of the microbial fuel cells along with its basic working mechanism, basic designs, components, fascinating derivative forms, performance evaluation, challenges and synergetic applications have been presented. Then the focus is shifted to the importance of incorporation of the nanomaterials for the sustainable development of MFC technology by means of advancements through anode, cathode, and proton exchange membranes modifications along with the various ultimate doping methods. The possibilities of applied nanomaterials and its derivatives in various places in MFCs are discussed. The nanomaterials in MFCs have a significant contribution to the increased power density, treatment efficiency, durability, and product recovery due to its higher electrochemical surface area phenomenon, depending on the fuel cell components to get modified. The promising research results open the way for the usage of nanomaterials as a prospective material for application and development of sustainable microbial fuel cells. Though the advances in nanomaterials have opened up new promises to overcome several limitations, but challenges still remain for the real-time and large-scale applications. Finally, an outlook for the future development and scaling up of sustainable MFCs with the nanotechnology is presented with some suggestions and limitations.


Energy demand Nanomaterials Sustainable microbial fuel cells Microbial fuel cells anode modification Microbial fuel cells cathode modification Microbial fuel cells PEM modification 


  1. Aelterman P, Rabaey K, Verstraete W (2006) Continuous electricity generation at high voltages and currents using stacked microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 40:3388–3394. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. An J, Kim T, Chang IS (2016) Concurrent control of power overshoot and voltage reversal with series connection of parallel-connected microbial fuel cells. Energ Technol 4:729–736. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Anis A, Banthia AK, Bandyopadhyay S (2008) Synthesis & characterization of PVA/STA composite polymer electrolyte membranes for fuel cell application. J Mater Eng Perform 17:772–779. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ayyaru S, Dharmalingam S (2015) A study of influence on nanocomposite membrane of sulfonated TiO2and sulfonated polystyrene-ethylene-butylene-polystyrene for microbial fuel cell application. Energy 88:202–208. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Babanova S, Carpenter K, Phadke S et al (2017) The effect of membrane type on the performance of microbial electrosynthesis cells for methane production. J Electrochem Soc 164:H3015–H3023. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bajracharya S, Srikanth S, Mohanakrishna G et al (2017) Biotransformation of carbon dioxide in bioelectrochemical systems: state of the art and future prospects. J Power Sources 356:256–273. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bard AJ, Faulkner LR, Swain E, Robey C (2000) Electrochemical methods fundamentals and applicationsGoogle Scholar
  8. Bhunia P, Dutta K (2018) Biochemistry and electrochemistry at the electrodes of microbial fuel cells. Elsevier B.VGoogle Scholar
  9. Bing Y, Liu H, Zhang L, Ghosh D, Zhang J (2010) Nanostructured Pt-alloy electrocatalysts for PEM fuel cell oxygen reduction reaction. Chem Soc Rev 39(6):2184CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bond DR, Lovley DR (2003) Electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducens attached to electrodes electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducens attached to electrodes. Appl Environ Microbiol 69:1548–1555. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Bond DR, Lovley DR (2005) Evidence for involvement of an Electron shuttle in electricity generation by Geothrix fermentans evidence for involvement of an Electron shuttle in electricity generation by Geothrix fermentans. Appl Environ Microbiol 71:2186–2189. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Breitwieser M, Klose C, Klingele M et al (2017) Simple fabrication of 12 μm thin nanocomposite fuel cell membranes by direct electrospinning and printing. J Power Sources 337:137–144. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Bullen RA, Arnot TC, Lakeman JB, Walsh FC (2006) Biofuel cells and their development. Biosens Bioelectron 21:2015–2045. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Busalmen JP, Esteve-Nuñez A, Feliu JM (2008) Whole cell electrochemistry of electricity-producing microorganisms evidence an adaptation for optimal exocellular electron transport. Environ Sci Technol 42:2445–2450. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Cao X, Huang X, Liang P et al (2009) A new method for water desalination using microbial desalination cells. Environ Sci Technol 43:7148–7152. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Chae KJ, Choi MJ, Lee JW et al (2009) Effect of different substrates on the performance, bacterial diversity, and bacterial viability in microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 100:3518–3525. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chang IS, Moon H, Bretschger O et al (2006) Electrochemically active bacteria (EAB) and mediator-less microbial fuel cells. J Microbiol Biotechnol 16:163–177Google Scholar
  18. Chang SH, Liou JS, Liu JL et al (2016) Feasibility study of surface-modified carbon cloth electrodes using atmospheric pressure plasma jets for microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 336:99–106. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Chen S, Kucernak A (2004) Electrocatalysis under conditions of high mass transport: investigation of hydrogen oxidation on single submicron Pt particles supported on carbon. J Phys Chem B 108:13984–13994. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Cheng S, Hamelers HVM (2008) Critical review microbial electrolysis cells for high yield hydrogen gas production from organic matter. 42Google Scholar
  21. Cheng S, Liu H, Logan BE (2006) Increased power generation in a continuous flow MFC with advective flow through the porous anode and reduced electrode spacing. Environ Sci Technol 40:2426–2432. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Chia MA (2002) Miniatured microbial fuel cell. Technical digest of solid state sensors and actuators workshop, Hilton Head Island, pp 59–60Google Scholar
  23. Choi Y, Jung E, Kim S, Jung S (2003) Membrane fluidity sensoring microbial fuel cell. Bioelectrochemistry 59(1–2):121–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Coates JD, Wrighton KC (2009) Microbial fuel cells: plug-in and power-on microbiology. Microbe Mag 4:281–287. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Das S, Mangwani N (2010) Recent developments in microbial fuel cells: a review. J Sci Ind Res (India) 69:727–731Google Scholar
  26. Davis F, Higson SPJ (2007) Biofuel cells-recent advances and applications. Biosens Bioelectron 22:1224–1235. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. De Juan A, Nixon B (2013) Technical evaluation of the microbial fuel cell technology in wastewater applications declaration: 1–18.
  28. Deng D, Pan X, Yu L et al (2011) Toward N-doped graphene via solvothermal synthesis. Chem Mater 23:1188–1193. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Di Palma L, Bavasso I, Sarasini F et al (2018) Synthesis, characterization and performance evaluation of Fe3O4/PES nano composite membranes for microbial fuel cell. Eur Polym J 99:222–229. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Du Z, Li H, Gu T (2007) A state of the art review on microbial fuel cells: a promising technology for wastewater treatment and bioenergy. Biotechnol Adv 25:464–482. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Elangovan M, Dharmalingam S (2016) A facile modification of a polysulphone based anti biofouling anion exchange membrane for microbial fuel cell application. RSC Adv 6:20571–20581. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. ElMekawy A, Hegab HM, Mohanakrishna G et al (2016) Technological advances in CO2conversion electro-biorefinery: a step toward commercialization. Bioresour Technol 215:357–370. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. ElMekawy A, Hegab HM, Losic D et al (2017) Applications of graphene in microbial fuel cells: the gap between promise and reality. Renew Sust Energ Rev 72:1389–1403. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Escapa A, Mateos R, Martínez EJ, Blanes J (2016) Microbial electrolysis cells: an emerging technology for wastewater treatment and energy recovery. From laboratory to pilot plant and beyond. Renew Sust Energ Rev 55:942–956. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Fan Y, Xu S, Schaller R et al (2011) Nanoparticle decorated anodes for enhanced current generation in microbial electrochemical cells. Biosens Bioelectron 26:1908–1912. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Fan M, Zhang W, Sun J et al (2017) Different modified multi-walled carbon nanotube–based anodes to improve the performance of microbial fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:22786–22795. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Feng Y, Wang X, Logan BE, Lee H (2008) Brewery wastewater treatment using air-cathode microbial fuel cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 78:873–880. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Filip J, Tkac J (2014) Is graphene worth using in biofuel cells? Electrochim Acta 136:340–354. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Gautam RK, Bhattacharjee H, Venkata Mohan S, Verma A (2016) Nitrogen doped graphene supported α-MnO2 nanorods for efficient ORR in a microbial fuel cell. RSC Adv 6:110091–110101. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Ghanbarlou H, Rowshanzamir S, Kazeminasab B, Parnian MJ (2015) Non-precious metal nanoparticles supported on nitrogen-doped graphene as a promising catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction: synthesis, characterization and electrocatalytic performance. J Power Sources 273:981–989. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Gil GC, Chang IS, Kim BH et al (2003) Operational parameters affecting the performance of a mediator-less microbial fuel cell. Biosens Bioelectron 18:327–334. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Gnana kumar G, Joseph Kirubaharan C, Yoo DJ, Kim AR (2016) Graphene/poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)/Fe3O4nanocomposite – an efficient oxygen reduction catalyst for the continuous electricity production from wastewater treatment microbial fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 41:13208–13219. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Habermann W, Pommer EH (1991) Biological fuel cells with sulphide storage capacity. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 35(1)Google Scholar
  44. Halakoo E, Khademi A, Ghasemi M et al (2015) Production of sustainable energy by carbon nanotube/platinum catalyst in microbial fuel cell. Procedia CIRP 26:473–476. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Harnisch F, Freguia S (2012) A basic tutorial on cyclic voltammetry for the investigation of electroactive microbial biofilms. Chem – Asian J 7:466–475. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Hassan M, Wei H, Qiu H, Su Y, Jaafry SWH, Zhan L, Xie B (2018) Power generation and pollutants removal from landfill leachate in microbial fuel cell: variation and influence of anodic microbiomes. Bioresour Technol 247:434–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. He Z, Angenent LT (2006) Application of bacterial biocathodes in microbial fuel cells. Electroanalysis 18:2009–2015. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Heilmann J, Logan BE (2006) Production of electricity from proteins using a microbial fuel cell. Water Environ Res 78:531–537. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Huang L, Chai X, Chen G, Logan BE (2011a) Effect of set potential on hexavalent chromium reduction and electricity generation from biocathode microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 45:5025–5031. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Huang YX, Liu XW, Xie JF et al (2011b) Graphene oxide nanoribbons greatly enhance extracellular electron transfer in bio-electrochemical systems. Chem Commun 47:5795–5797. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Huang Z, Jiang D, Lu L, Ren ZJ (2016) Ambient CO2capture and storage in bioelectrochemically mediated wastewater treatment. Bioresour Technol 215:380–385. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Jang JK, Pham TH, Chang IS et al (2004) Construction and operation of a novel mediator- and membrane-less microbial fuel cell. Process Biochem 39:1007–1012. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Ji J, Jia Y, Wu W et al (2011) A layer-by-layer self-assembled Fe2O3nanorod-based composite multilayer film on ITO anode in microbial fuel cell. Colloids Surf A Physicochem Eng Asp 390:56–61. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Jiang X, Sun Y, Zhang H, Hou L (2018) Preparation and characterization of quaternized poly(vinyl alcohol)/chitosan/MoS2composite anion exchange membranes with high selectivity. Carbohydr Polym 180:96–103. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. Kadier A, Simayi Y, Abdeshahian P et al (2016) A comprehensive review of microbial electrolysis cells (MEC) reactor designs and configurations for sustainable hydrogen gas production. Alex Eng J 55:427–443. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Kamaraj SK, Romano SM, Moreno VC et al (2015) Use of novel reinforced cation exchange membranes for microbial fuel cells. Electrochim Acta 176:555–566. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Kano K et al (1999) Bifidobacterium longum. Biochim Biophys Acta 1428:241–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Karube I, Matsunaga T, Tsuru S, Suzuki S (1976) Continuous hydrogen production by immobilized whole cells of Clostridium butyricum. Biochim Biophys Acta – Gen Subj 444:338–343. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Kashyap D, Dwivedi PK, Pandey JK et al (2014) Application of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy in bio-fuel cell characterization: a review. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:20159–20170. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Kerzenmacher S, Ducrée J, Zengerle R, von Stetten F (2008) Energy harvesting by implantable abiotically catalyzed glucose fuel cells. J Power Sources 182:1–17. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Khilari S, Pandit S, Ghangrekar MM et al (2013) Graphene oxide-impregnated PVA-STA composite polymer electrolyte membrane separator for power generation in a single-chambered microbial fuel cell. Ind Eng Chem Res 52:11597–11606. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Kim BH, Chang IS, Gil GC et al (2003) Novel BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) sensor using mediator-less microbial fuel cell. Biotechnol Lett 25:541–545. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Kokabian B, Gude VG, Smith R, Brooks JP (2018) Evaluation of anammox biocathode in microbial desalination and wastewater treatment. Chem Eng J 342:410–419. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Komarneni S, Noh YD, Kim JY, et al (2010) ChemInform abstract: solvothermal/hydrothermal synthesis of metal oxides and metal powders with and without microwaves. ChemInform 41:no-no.
  65. Koziol K et al (2010) Synthesis of carbon nanostructures by CVD method. Carbon oxide nanostructures. Adv Struct Mater 5:23–49. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Labelle E, Bond DR (2009) Cyclic voltammetry for the study of microbial electron transfer at electrodes. Bioelectrochemical Syst Extracell Electron Transf Biotechnol Appl 137–152Google Scholar
  67. Liu H, Logan BE (2004) Electricity generation using an air-cathode single chamber microbial fuel cell in the presence and absence of a proton exchange membrane. Environ Sci Technol 38:4040–4046. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. Liu H, Ramnarayanan R, Logan BE (2004) Production of electricity during wastewater treatment using a single chamber microbial fuel cell. Environ Sci Technol 38:2281–2285. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Liu H, Cheng SA, Logan BE (2005a) Power generation in fed-batch microbial fuel cells as a function of ionic strength, temperature, and reactor configuration. Environ Sci Technol 39:5488–5493. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. Liu H, Grot S, Logan BE (2005b) Electrochemically assisted microbial production of hydrogen from acetate. Environ Sci Technol 39:4317–4320. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Liu H, Hu H, Chignell J, Fan Y (2010) Microbial electrolysis: novel technology for hydrogen production from biomass. Biofuels 1:129–142. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Liu J, Qiao Y, Guo CX et al (2012) Graphene/carbon cloth anode for high-performance mediatorless microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 114:275–280. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. Liu L, Tsyganova O, Lee DJ et al (2013a) Double-chamber microbial fuel cells started up under room and low temperatures. Int J Hydrog Energy 38:15574–15579. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. Liu Y, Liu H, Wang C et al (2013b) Sustainable energy recovery in wastewater treatment by microbial fuel cells: stable power generation with nitrogen-doped graphene cathode. Environ Sci 47:13889–13895CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. Liu XW, Chen JJ, Huang YX et al (2014) Experimental and theoretical demonstrations for the mechanism behind enhanced microbial electron transfer by CNT network. Sci Rep 4:1–7. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. Logan BE, Regan JM (2006) Microbial fuel cells—challenges and applications. Environ Sci Technol 40:5172–5180. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  77. Logan BE, Murano C, Scott K et al (2005) Electricity generation from cysteine in a microbial fuel cell. Water Res 39:942–952. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. Logan BE, Hamelers B, Rozendal R et al (2006) Microbial fuel cells: methodology and technology. Environ Sci Technol 40:5181–5192. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. Lovley DR (2006a) Bug juice: harvesting electricity with microorganisms. Nat Rev Microbiol 4:497–508. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. Lovley DR (2006b) Microbial fuel cells: novel microbial physiologies and engineering approaches. Curr Opin Biotechnol 17:327–332. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. Lu L, Ren ZJ (2016) Microbial electrolysis cells for waste biorefinery: a state of the art review. Bioresour Technol 215:254–264. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. Mahadevan A, Gunawardena D A, Fernando S (2014) Biochemical and electrochemical perspectives of the anode of a microbial fuel cell. Technol Appl Microb Fuel Cells 13–32.
  83. Malvankar NS, Vargas M, Nevin KP et al (2011) Tunable metallic-like conductivity in microbial nanowire networks. Nat Nanotechnol 6:573–579. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  84. Mashkour M, Rahimnejad M, Pourali SM et al (2017) Catalytic performance of nano-hybrid graphene and titanium dioxide modified cathodes fabricated with facile and green technique in microbial fuel cell. Prog Nat Sci Mater Int 27:647–651. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. Mehdinia A, Ziaei E, Jabbari A (2014) Multi-walled carbon nanotube/SnO2 nanocomposite: a novel anode material for microbial fuel cells. Electrochim Acta 130:512–518. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. Menicucci J, Beyenal H, Marsili E, Veluchamy GD, Lewandowski Z (2006) Procedure for determining maximum sustainable power generated by microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 40(3):1062–1068CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. Min B, Logan BE (2004) Continuous electricity generation from domestic wastewater and organic substrates in a flat plate microbial fuel cell. Environ Sci Technol 38:5809–5814. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. Min B, Cheng S, Logan BE (2005) Electricity generation using membrane and salt bridge microbial fuel cells. Water Res 39(9):1675–1686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  89. Moon H, Chang IS, Kim BH (2006) Continuous electricity production from artificial wastewater using a mediator-less microbial fuel cell. Bioresour Technol 97:621–627. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. Mujeeb Rahman P, Abdul Mujeeb VM, Muraleedharan K, Thomas SK (2018) Chitosan/nano ZnO composite films: enhanced mechanical, antimicrobial and dielectric properties. Arab J Chem 11:120–127. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. Myers JM, Myers CR (2001) Role for outer membrane cytochromes OmcA and OmcB of Shewanella putrefaciens MR-1 in reduction of manganese dioxide. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:260–269. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. Narayanaswamy Venkatesan P, Dharmalingam S (2013) Characterization and performance study on chitosan-functionalized multi walled carbon nano tube as separator in microbial fuel cell. J Memb Sci 435:92–98. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. Nevin KP, Woodard TL, Franks AE et al (2010) Microbial electrosynthesis: feeding microbes electricity to convert carbon dioxide and water to multicarbon extracellular organic compounds. MBio 1:e00103-10. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. Niessen J, Harnisch F, Rosenbaum M, Schroder U, Scholz F (2006) Heat treated soil as convenient and versatile source of bacterial communities for microbial electricity generation. Electrochem Commun 8(5):869–873CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. Oh S-E, Logan BE (2006) Proton exchange membrane and electrode surface areas as factors that affect power generation in microbial fuel cells. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 70(2):162–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. Oh S, Min B, Logan BE (2004) Cathode performance as a factor in electricity generation in microbial fuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 38:4900–4904. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. Pant D, Van Bogaert G, Diels L, Vanbroekhoven K (2010) A review of the substrates used in microbial fuel cells (MFCs) for sustainable energy production. Bioresour Technol 101:1533–1543. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. Papiya F, Pattanayak P, Kumar P et al (2018) Development of highly efficient bimetallic nanocomposite cathode catalyst, composed of Ni:Co supported sulfonated polyaniline for application in microbial fuel cells. Electrochim Acta 282:931–945. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. Park DH, Zeikus JG (2000) Electricity generation in microbial fuel cells using neutral red as an electronophore electricity generation in microbial fuel cells using neutral red as an electronophore. Appl Environ Microbiol 66:1292–1297. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. Park DH, Zeikus JG (2003) Improved fuel cell and electrode designs for producing electricity from microbial degradation. Biotechnol Bioeng 81:348–355. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  101. Park DH, Laivenieks M, Guettler MV et al (1999) Microbial utilization of electrically reduced neutral red as the sole electron donor for growth and metabolite production. Appl Environ Microbiol 65:2912–2917Google Scholar
  102. Parkash A (2016) Microbial fuel cells: a source of bioenergy. J Microb Biochem Technol 8:247–255. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. Peng X, Yu H, Wang X et al (2013a) Enhanced anode performance of microbial fuel cells by adding nanosemiconductor goethite. J Power Sources 223:94–99. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  104. Peng X, Yu H, Yu H, Wang X (2013b) Lack of anodic capacitance causes power overshoot in microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 138:353–358. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. Pham CA, Jung SJ, Phung NT, Lee J, Chang IS, Kim BH, Yi H, Chun J (2003) A novel electrochemically active and Fe(III)-reducing bacterium phylogenetically related to, isolated from a microbial fuel cell. FEMS Microbiol Lett 223(1):129–134CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  106. Pham TH, Jang JK, Chang IS, Kim BH (2004) Improvement of cathode reaction of a mediatorless microbial fuel cell. J Microbiol Biotechnol 14:324–329Google Scholar
  107. Piccolino M (2008) Visual images in Luigi Galvani’s path to animal electricity. J Hist Neurosci 17:335–348. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  108. Potter MC (1911) Electrical effects accompanying the decomposition of organic compounds. Proc R Soc B Biol Sci 84:260–276. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  109. Rabaey K, Rozendal RA (2010) Microbial electrosynthesis – revisiting the electrical route for microbial production. Nat Rev Microbiol 8:706–716. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. Rabaey K, Boon N, Siciliano SD et al (2004) Biofuel cells select for microbial consortia that self-mediate electron transfer biofuel cells select for microbial consortia that self-mediate electron transfer. Appl Environ Microbiol 70:5373–5382. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. Rabaey K, Boon N, Höfte M, Verstraete W (2005a) Microbial phenazine production enhances electron transfer in biofuel cells. Environ Sci Technol 39:3401–3408. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. Rabaey K, Clauwaert P, Aelterman P, Verstraete W (2005b) Tubular microbial fuel cells for efficient electricity generation. Environ Sci Technol 39:8077–8082. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  113. Rahimnejad M, Adhami A, Darvari S et al (2015) Microbial fuel cell as new technol ogy for bioelectricity generation: a review. Alex Eng J 54:745–756. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. Ramaraja P, Ramasamy NS (2013) Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy for microbial fuel cell characterization. J Microb Biochem Technol.
  115. Reguera G, McCarthy KD, Mehta T et al (2005) Extracellular electron transfer via microbial nanowires. Nature 435:1098–1101. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  116. Reguera G, Nevin KP, Nicoll JS et al (2006) Biofilm and nanowire production leads to increased current in Geobacter sulfurreducens fuel cells. Appl Environ Microbiol 72:7345–7348. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. Reimers CE, Tender LM, Fertig S, Wang W (2001) Harvesting energy from the marine sediment−water Interface. Environ Sci Technol 35:192–195. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. Ringeisen BR, Henderson E, Peter KW, Pietron J, Ray R, Little B, Biffinger JC, Jones-Meehan JM (2006) High power density from a miniature microbial fuel cell using DSP10. Environ Sci Technol 40(8):2629–2634CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  119. Rizzi F, Annunziata E, Liberati G, Frey M (2014) Technological trajectories in the automotive industry: are hydrogen technologies still a possibility? J Clean Prod 66:328–336. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. Roy S, Schievano A, Pant D (2015) Electro-stimulated microbial factory for value added product synthesis. Bioresour Technol 213:129–139. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  121. Rozenfeld S, Teller H, Schechter M et al (2018) Exfoliated molybdenum di-sulfide (MoS2) electrode for hydrogen production in microbial electrolysis cell. Bioelectrochemistry 123:201–210. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. Santoro C, Arbizzani C, Erable B, Ieropoulos I (2017a) Microbial fuel cells: from fundamentals to applications. Rev J Power Sources 356:225–244. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. Santoro C, Kodali M, Kabir S et al (2017b) Three-dimensional graphene nanosheets as cathode catalysts in standard and supercapacitive microbial fuel cell. J Power Sources 356:371–380. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. Schröder U (2007) Anodic electron transfer mechanisms in microbial fuel cells and their energy efficiency. Phys Chem Chem Phys 9:2619–2629. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  125. Schröder U, Nießen J, Scholz F (2003) A generation of microbial fuel cells with current outputs boosted by more than one order of magnitude. Angew Chem Int Ed 42(25):2880–2883Google Scholar
  126. Sekoai PT, Gueguim Kana EB (2014) Semi-pilot scale production of hydrogen from organic fraction of solid municipal waste and electricity generation from process effluents. Biomass Bioenergy 60:156–163. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. Sonawane JM, Al-Saadi S, Singh Raman RK et al (2018) Exploring the use of polyaniline-modified stainless steel plates as low-cost, high-performance anodes for microbial fuel cells. Electrochim Acta 268:484–493. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. Srikanth S, Maesen M, Dominguez-Benetton X et al (2014) Enzymatic electrosynthesis of formate through CO2sequestration/reduction in a bioelectrochemical system (BES). Bioresour Technol 165:350–354. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. Srinophakun P, Thanapimmetha A, Plangsri S et al (2017) Application of modified chitosan membrane for microbial fuel cell: roles of proton carrier site and positive charge. J Clean Prod 142:1274–1282. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. Straub KL, Straub KL, Schink B, Schink B (2004) Ferrihydrite-dependent growth of. Society 70:5744–5749. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. Sugnaux M, Savy C, Cachelin CP et al (2017) Simulation and resolution of voltage reversal in microbial fuel cell stack. Bioresour Technol 238:519–527. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. Tang L, Wang Y, Li Y et al (2009) Preparation, structure, and electrochemical properties of reduced graphene sheet films. Adv Funct Mater 19:2782–2789. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. Tekle Y, Demeke A (2015) Review on microbial fuel cell. Basic Res J Microbiol 1:1–32Google Scholar
  134. Terrones M, Grobert N, Olivares J, Zhang JP, Terrones H, Kordatos K, Hsu WK, Hare JP, Townsend PD, Prassides K, Cheetham AK, Kroto HW, Walton DRM (1997) Controlled production of aligned-nanotube bundles. Nature 388(6637):52–55CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. Thygesen A, Poulsen FW, Min B, Angelidaki I, Thomsen AB (2009) The effect of different substrates and humic acid on power generation in microbial fuel cell operation. Bioresour Technol 100(3):1186–1191CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. Trapero JR, Horcajada L, Linares JJ, Lobato J (2017) Is microbial fuel cell technology ready? An economic answer towards industrial commercialization. Appl Energy 185:698–707. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. Turick CE, Tisa LS, Caccavo F (2002) Melanin production and use as a soluble electron shuttle for Fe (III) oxide reduction and as a terminal electron acceptor by Shewanella algae BrY melanin production and use as a soluble electron shuttle for Fe (III) oxide reduction and as a terminal E. Appl Environ Microbiol 68:2436–2444. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. Valipour A, Ayyaru S, Ahn Y (2016) Application of graphene-based nanomaterials as novel cathode catalysts for improving power generation in single chamber microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 327:548–556. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. Varanasi JL, Nayak AK, Sohn Y et al (2016) Improvement of power generation of microbial fuel cell by integrating tungsten oxide electrocatalyst with pure or mixed culture biocatalysts. Electrochim Acta 199:154–163. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. Vega CA, Fernández I (1987) Mediating effect of ferric chelate compounds in microbial fuel cells with Lactobacillus plantarum, Streptococcus lactis, and Erwinia dissolvens. Bioelectrochem Bioenerg 17(2):217–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. Villano M, Monaco G, Aulenta F, Majone M (2011) Electrochemically assisted methane production in a biofilm reactor. J Power Sources 196:9467–9472. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. Wang Y, Li B, Zeng L et al (2013) Polyaniline/mesoporous tungsten trioxide composite as anode electrocatalyst for high-performance microbial fuel cells. Biosens Bioelectron 41:582–588. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. Watson VJ, Hatzell M, Logan BE (2015) Hydrogen production from continuous flow, microbial reverse-electrodialysis electrolysis cells treating fermentation wastewater. Bioresour Technol 195:51–56. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. Wei J, Liang P, Huang X (2011) Recent progress in electrodes for microbial fuel cells. Bioresour Technol 102:9335–9344. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. Wen Q, Wang S, Yan J et al (2014) Porous nitrogen-doped carbon nanosheet on graphene as metal-free catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction in air-cathode microbial fuel cells. Bioelectrochemistry 95:23–28. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  146. Werner CM, Logan BE, Saikaly PE, Amy GL (2013) Wastewater treatment, energy recovery and desalination using a forward osmosis membrane in an air-cathode microbial osmotic fuel cell. J Memb Sci 428:116–122. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. Winter CJ (2005) Into the hydrogen energy economy – milestones. Int J Hydrog Energy 30:681–685. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  148. Xafenias N, Mapelli V (2014) Performance and bacterial enrichment of bioelectrochemical systems during methane and acetate production. Int J Hydrog Energy 39:21864–21875. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  149. Xia C, Zhang D, Pedrycz W et al (2018) Models for microbial fuel cells: a critical review. J Power Sources 373:119–131. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. Xiao L, Damien J, Luo J et al (2012) Crumpled graphene particles for microbial fuel cell electrodes. J Power Sources 208:187–192. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  151. Xie X, Hu L, Pasta M et al (2011) Three-dimensional carbon nanotube-textile anode for high-performance microbial fuel cells. Nano Lett 11:291–296. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. Xie X, Zhao W, Lee HR et al (2014) Enhancing the nanomaterial bio-interface by addition of mesoscale secondary features: crinkling of carbon nanotube films to create subcellular ridges. ACS Nano 8:11958–11965. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  153. Xu H, Quan X, Xiao Z, Chen L (2017) Cathode modification with peptide nanotubes (PNTs) incorporating redox mediators for azo dyes decolorization enhancement in microbial fuel cells. Int J Hydrog Energy 42:8207–8215. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  154. Yan Z, Jiang H, Li X, Shi Y (2014) Accelerated removal of pyrene and benzo[a]pyrene in freshwater sediments with amendment of cyanobacteria-derived organic matter. J Hazard Mater 272:66–74. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. Yin T, Su L, Li H et al (2017) Nitrogen doping of TiO2nanosheets greatly enhances bioelectricity generation of S. loihica PV-4. Electrochim Acta 258:1072–1080. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. Zehtab Yazdi A, Fei H, Ye R et al (2015) Boron/nitrogen co-doped helically unzipped multiwalled carbon nanotubes as efficient electrocatalyst for oxygen reduction. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 7:7786–7794. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  157. Zhang Y, Mo G, Li X et al (2011) A graphene modified anode to improve the performance of microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 196:5402–5407. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. Zhang W, Xie B, Yang L et al (2017) Brush-like polyaniline nanoarray modified anode for improvement of power output in microbial fuel cell. Bioresour Technol 233:291–295. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. Zhao F, Slade RCT, Varcoe JR (2009) Techniques for the study and development of microbial fuel cells: an electrochemical perspective. Chem Soc Rev 38:1926–1939. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. Zhong D, Liao X, Liu Y et al (2018) Enhanced electricity generation performance and dye wastewater degradation of microbial fuel cell by using a petaline NiO@ polyaniline-carbon felt anode. Bioresour Technol 258:125–134. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. Zhou YL, Jiang HL, Cai HY (2015) To prevent the occurrence of black water agglomerate through delaying decomposition of cyanobacterial bloom biomass by sediment microbial fuel cell. J Hazard Mater 287:7–15. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. Zhu NW, Chen X, Tu LX et al (2011) Voltage reversal during stacking microbial fuel cells with or without diodes. Adv Mater Res 396–398:188–193. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. Zhu X, Tokash JC, Hong Y, Logan BE (2013) Controlling the occurrence of power overshoot by adapting microbial fuel cells to high anode potentials. Bioelectrochemistry 90:30–35. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. Zhu D, Wang D-B, Song T et al (2015) Effect of carbon nanotube modified cathode by electrophoretic deposition method on the performance of sediment microbial fuel cells. Biotechnol Lett 37:101–107. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. Zou L, Qiao Y, Wu XS, Li CM (2016) Tailoring hierarchically porous graphene architecture by carbon nanotube to accelerate extracellular electron transfer of anodic biofilm in microbial fuel cells. J Power Sources 328:143–150. CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunaseelan Kuppurangam
    • 1
  • Gajalakshmi Selvaraj
    • 1
  • Thirumurugan Ramasamy
    • 2
  • Vignesh Venkatasamy
    • 3
  • Sathish-Kumar Kamaraj
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Sustainable Fuel Cells Laboratory, Centre for Pollution Control & Environmental EngineeringPondicherry UniversityPuducherryIndia
  2. 2.Laboratory of Aquabiotics/Nanoscience, Department of Animal ScienceBharathidasan UniversityTiruchirappalliIndia
  3. 3.Animal Quarantine and Certification Service, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and FisheriesMinistry of Agriculture & Farmers WelfareMumbaiIndia
  4. 4.Laboratorio de Cultivo de Tejidos VegetalesInstituto Tecnológico El Llano (ITEL)/Tecnológico Nacional de México (TecNM)El LlanoMéxico

Personalised recommendations