Metal and Metal Oxide-Based Nanomaterials for Electrochemical Applications

  • Chiranjita Goswami
  • Bhugendra Chutia
  • Pankaj BharaliEmail author
Part of the Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World book series (ECSW, volume 23)


The development of nanotechnology marked a new era in the field of catalysis. The fascinating electronic, structural, and magnetic properties of the nanomaterials arising from its shape, size, and unusually high surface-to-volume ratio make them unique from the bulk materials. These properties facilitate various chemical reactions including fuel cell and other electrochemical reactions for energy and environmental applications. In the recent years, fuel cells have emerged as alternative energy sources to meet the ever-increasing energy demands. Thus, designing suitable catalyst to boost the rate of the reactions associated with fuel cells or other energy storage devices has become very crucial. Different types of electrochemical reactions include oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), oxygen evolution reaction (OER), hydrogen evolution reaction (HER), and electrooxidation of small organic molecules like methanol, ethanol, formic acid, etc. On the other hand electrochemical CO2 reduction to various value-added products is a promising strategy to address the atmospheric CO2 levels. Herein, we have mainly emphasized the catalytic behavior of different types of morphology and size-dependent nanomaterials toward electrochemical reduction of oxygen and CO2 and electrooxidation of formic acid and ethanol.


Nanocatalysts Energy Fuel cells Oxygen reduction Formic acid oxidation Ethanol oxidation Environment CO2 reduction 



The authors thank Tezpur University, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR No: 01(2813)/14/EMR-II), New Delhi, and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB-DST No: SB/FT/CS-048/2014), New Delhi, for generous financial support. CG and BC thank Tezpur University and CSIR, New Delhi, for research fellowship, respectively.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chiranjita Goswami
    • 1
  • Bhugendra Chutia
    • 1
  • Pankaj Bharali
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemical SciencesTezpur UniversityNapaamIndia

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